The Prevalence of Occupational Risk Factors and Occupational Diseases in Kerman, Iran

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 PhD Student, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Bachelor’s Degree, Kerman Health Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Environmental Health Engineering Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Abstract

Background and aims: Many workers face significant hazardous workplace exposures, especially in
developing countries. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of occupational risk
factors and common occupational diseases in Kerman.
Methods: This study was based on data from occupational risk factor and disease monitoring systems
available at Kerman Province Health Center during 2011-2015. These data are gathered semiannually
by occupational hygienists based on standard checklists provided by the Ministry of Health and
Medical Education and these checklists include exposures and diseases related to the workplace.
Results: Based on the results, 292 (3.7%), 281 (3.58%), 261 (3.32%), and 115 (1.47%) cases were
found regarding occupational hearing loss, respiratory conditions, work-related back pain, and
musculoskeletal disorders, respectively, which were related to different occupational exposures
diagnosed in Kerman during 2011-2015. Moreover, dust, work tools, wrong body position during
work, and noise were the most common risk factors in this respect.
Conclusion: Overall, occupational hazards are considered as an important health issue in Kerman.
Therefore, it is necessary to control exposure to these risk factors in order to prevent occupational
diseases.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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