Epidemiology
1. Self-medication Among Students in Southern Iran: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Attitudes

Hamed Delam; Omid Soufi; Ahmadreza Eidi; Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan

Volume 7, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, , Pages 167-172

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.30

Abstract
  Background and aims: Self-medication, as the most common method of self-care, is one of the major problems in treatment in many countries in the world. The present study was designed to determine the prevalence of self-medication and identify the factors associated with casual medication use among students ...  Read More

Epidemiology
2. Ten-Year Trends of the Incidence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the South of Fars Province, Iran, During 2007-2016

Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan; Nasrin Shokrpour; Hamed Delam

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, , Pages 120-124

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.21

Abstract
     Background and aims: Leishmaniasis is one of the most overlooked diseases in tropical areas, which can lead to many deaths and illnesses. The present study was designed to determine the trend of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the south of Fars Province (south of Iran) during 2007-2016. Methods: ...  Read More

Social Epidemiology
3. Using Ineffective Coping Strategies for Facing With COVID-19

Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan; Hamed Delam

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, , Pages 52-52

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.10

Abstract
     Dear Editor, Methods that people use to overcome problems are called coping strategies. The concept of coping was first introduced by Lazarus in 1966. He believed that stress involves three stages. First, there is the initial assessment, which is to observe a risk. The second stage involves ...  Read More