Anxiety Status of Instagram Users during Coronavirus Disease in Iran in 2020: A Cross-sectional Study

Hamed Delam; Ahmadreza Eidi; Omid Soufi; Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan

Volume 8, Issue 3 , August 2021, , Pages 105-108

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.20

Abstract
  Background and aims: Today, with the increasing prevalence of COVID-19 in the world, the general population with excessive worry due to media reports has a higher level of psychological distress. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the state of anxiety among Instagram users in 2020. Methods: ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Self-medication Among Students in Southern Iran: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Attitudes

Hamed Delam; Omid Soufi; Ahmadreza Eidi; Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan

Volume 7, Issue 4 , November 2020, , Pages 167-172

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.30

Abstract
  Background and aims: Self-medication, as the most common method of self-care, is one of the major problems in treatment in many countries in the world. The present study was designed to determine the prevalence of self-medication and identify the factors associated with casual medication use among students ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Ten-Year Trends of the Incidence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the South of Fars Province, Iran, During 2007-2016

Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan; Nasrin Shokrpour; Hamed Delam

Volume 7, Issue 3 , August 2020, , Pages 120-124

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.21

Abstract
    Background and aims: Leishmaniasis is one of the most overlooked diseases in tropical areas, which can lead to many deaths and illnesses. The present study was designed to determine the trend of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the south of Fars Province (south of Iran) during 2007-2016.Methods: ...  Read More

Social Epidemiology
Using Ineffective Coping Strategies for Facing With COVID-19

Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan; Hamed Delam

Volume 7, Issue 2 , May 2020, , Pages 52-52

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.10

Abstract
  Methods that people use to overcome problems are called coping strategies. The concept of coping was first introduced by Lazarus in 1966. He believed that stress involves three stages. First, there is the initial assessment, which is to observe a risk. The second stage involves the evaluation, which ...  Read More