Epidemiologic and Clinical Characteristics of Guillain-Barré Syndrome in Patients Referred to Sina Hospital in Hamadan in 2018

Mojtaba Khazaei; Fatemeh Ghasemi; Mehrdokht Mazdeh; Elham Khanlarzadeh; Masoud Ghiasian

Volume 9, Issue 4 , November 2022, , Pages 150-154

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/EHSJ.2022.27

Abstract
  Background and aims: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) has several types, some of which damage myelin and some others cause axonal damage. Detecting the type of GBS is important in determining the type of treatment and its prognosis. This study was conducted to investigate the epidemiological characteristics ...  Read More

The Plague (Black Death) Is Still Around and May Come Back

Nader Aghakhani; Shahin Izadi; Kazhal Mobaraki; Jamal Ahmadzadeh; Arash Aliasghari

Volume 9, Issue 1 , February 2022, , Pages 2-3

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.02

Abstract
  Plague has been among the most devastating infectious diseases in human history. The decrease in the plague in recently reported cases and studies implies that the plague should not recur, but the fact is that it (Black Death) is still around and may appear again. The disease can be occult for many years. ...  Read More

Epidemiology of Mortality From Cerebrovascular Accident in Patients Admitted to Sina (Farshchian) Educational-Medical Hospital of Hamadan in 2018-2019

Mehrdad Maleki Jamasbi; Hiva Azami; Hadis Ebrahimi Neshat; Kamran Alipoor; Payam Karimian

Volume 9, Issue 1 , February 2022, , Pages 23-27

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.05

Abstract
  Background and aims: Cerebrovascular accidents are a major cause of death and disability in many countries. Therefore, the epidemiological indicators are highly important in the case of these patients’ mortality. The present study aimed to determine the epidemiology of mortality due to cerebrovascular ...  Read More

Spatial and Epidemiological Analyses of COVID-19 in the Older Population of the Brazilian Amazon Region During 2020

Nadia Shigaeff; Marcus Vinicius Mariano de Souza; Ana Cristina Viana Campos

Volume 9, Issue 1 , February 2022, , Pages 28-33

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.06

Abstract
  Background and aims: In December 2019, the disease associated with SARS-CoV-2 was identified as the new coronavirus (COVID-19). The older population is regarded as the greatest risk group. The objective of the present study was to investigate the epidemiological aspects of COVID-19 during 2020 in the ...  Read More

Factors Associated with Mortality from Renal Failure in Brazil: A Descriptive Epidemiological Study

Maria Cecília de Souza Anacleto; Jessica Souza Lopes da Silva; Millena Venâncio Gonçalves; Mateus da Silva Matias Antunes; Diêgo Correia de Andrade

Volume 9, Issue 1 , February 2022, , Pages 40-45

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.08

Abstract
  Background and aims: The incidence of renal failure (RF) is growing in Brazil, resulting in increased public spending and negatively affecting the public health, which can lead to patient death. Identifying factors associated with mortality from this condition can help to characterize susceptible populations; ...  Read More

Modeling the Dynamics and Forecasting the fourth Peak of COVID-19 in Iran Using PSO Algorithm

Ebrahim Sahafizadeh; Mohammad Ali Khajeian

Volume 8, Issue 4 , November 2021, , Pages 140-145

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.26

Abstract
  Background and aims: Iran had passed the third peak of COVID-19 pandemic, and was probably witnessing the fourth peak at the time of this study. This study aimed to model the spread of COVID-19 in Iran in order to predict the short-term future trend of COVID-19 from April 23, 2021 to May 7, 2021.Methods: ...  Read More

Epidemiology of Mental Disorder Symptoms in Students of University of Bojnord: The Role of Demographic Characteristics and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies

Khadije Alavi

Volume 8, Issue 4 , November 2021, , Pages 167-174

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.30

Abstract
  Background and aims: Mental health problems are considered as important public health issues. This study aimed, firstly, to investigate the epidemiology of mental disorders’ symptoms among the students of Bojnord University and examine the role of demographic characteristics in the prevalence of ...  Read More

Study of the Epidemiology and Use of Condoms in Vulnerable Women Referring to Damage Reduction Centers in Shiraz During 2015-2016

Masoumeh Sadat Mousavi; Seyedeh Leila Dehghani; Bahareh Behzad; Samira Pourrezaei; Marzieh Ata’ali

Volume 8, Issue 4 , November 2021, , Pages 175-181

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.31

Abstract
  Background and aims: Female sex workers (FSWs) play an essential role in the transmission of HIV and are considered critical groups compared to the public groups of society and their customers. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the status of sexual intercourse among prostitutes in Shiraz ...  Read More

Epidemiological Study of the Brucellosis in Iran, Isfahan, 2010–2015

Alireza Salahshouri; Javad Ramezanpour; Hamid Gheibipour

Volume 8, Issue 3 , August 2021, , Pages 95-99

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.18

Abstract
  Background and aims: Brucellosis is one of the most common infectious diseases in both humans and animals. It has been controlled in developed countries; however, it is still regarded as a public health problem in developing countries including Iran. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology ...  Read More

An Epidemiological Survey of Tongue Lesions in the Oral Pathology Department of Khorasgan Dental School From 2010 to 2020

Saeed Mousavi; Atousa Aminzadeh; Roya Yahyaabadi; Negin Aminianpour

Volume 8, Issue 3 , August 2021, , Pages 100-104

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.19

Abstract
  Background and aims: Many pathologic conditions can affect the tongue and their pattern of occurrence may differ. The objective of this study was the epidemiological survey of tongue lesions reported in a 10-year period in the Oral Pathology Department of Khorasgan Dental School. Methods: In this ...  Read More

Epidemiology of Intestinal Parasites in the Rural and Urban Areas of Hamadan Province in west –Central Iran

Mohammad Mahdi Majzoobi; Amir Hossein Maghsood; Mohammad Matini; Khosrow Sardarian; Sayed Ali Alavi; Mohammad Fallah

Volume 8, Issue 2 , May 2021, , Pages 62-66

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.11

Abstract
  Background and aims: Previous studies have shown that the intestinal parasites have the high prevalence in Hamadan province. However, this problem has not been addressed properly yet and, therefore, there is not up-to-date information about it. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of intestinal ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Epidemiologic Evaluation of Maxillofacial Trauma in Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan

Abbas Haghighat; Sobhan Pourarz; Afsaneh Zarghami

Volume 7, Issue 4 , November 2020, , Pages 152-156

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.27

Abstract
  Background and aims: This study aimed at analyzing the epidemiological features and complications of different types of maxillofacial traumas in patients who referred to Alzahra hospital, Isfahan during 2005-2019.Methods: This descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study included all patients with maxillofacial ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Ten-Year Trends of the Incidence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the South of Fars Province, Iran, During 2007-2016

Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan; Nasrin Shokrpour; Hamed Delam

Volume 7, Issue 3 , August 2020, , Pages 120-124

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.21

Abstract
    Background and aims: Leishmaniasis is one of the most overlooked diseases in tropical areas, which can lead to many deaths and illnesses. The present study was designed to determine the trend of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the south of Fars Province (south of Iran) during 2007-2016.Methods: ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Investigation of the prevalence of Head Lice and Factors Affecting Them in Infected People Referring to Gerash County Health Center

Elham Rezaee; Fatemeh Heidari; Mohammad Nowrouzi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , May 2020, , Pages 58-62

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.12

Abstract
  Background and aims: Pediculosis is one of the most common parasitic diseases that affect a wide range of age groups. The prevention of head lice infections promotes the physical and mental health of people in the community. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of head lice infections ...  Read More

Cancer Epidemiology
The Epidemiology of Lung Cancer in Lebanon During 2014

Rida Salman; Khairallah Amhaz; Ali Hellani; Loubna Tayara; Batoul Mourda

Volume 7, Issue 2 , May 2020, , Pages 63-67

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.13

Abstract
  Background and aims: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. There are no recent data on the lung cancer prevalence in Lebanon, and the available data are based on prediction. Thus, this study aimed to determine the incidence rate of lung cancer during 2014, among patients who were ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Epidemiology and Estimating the Risk Factors for the Transfer of Hepatitis B Virus Using Multivariate Analysis Model: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Mansour Bahardoust; Marjan Mokhtare; Arash Sarveazad; Shahdieh Karimi; Atefeh Talebi; Arezoo Chaharmahali; Shahram Agah

Volume 6, Issue 2 , May 2019, , Pages 70-75

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.13

Abstract
  Background and aims: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the important public health diseases in Iran.Therefore, to control the prevalence of the disease, knowledge is required regarding the risk factor ofHBV. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to determine the risk factors of HB transmission.Methods: ...  Read More

Epidemiological Survey of Accidents and Incidents in Haftkel During 2014

Maziyar Mollaei Pardeh; Soheila Khodakarim; Korosh Etemad; Ali Habibi; Abolghasem Shokri

Volume 4, Issue 4 , November 2017, , Pages 251-254

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2017.12

Abstract
  Background and aims: Injuries as a result of accident and other incidents are the largest andpreventable public health issue in terms of morbidity and disability. Thus the present research aims toepidemiologically analyze the accidents in the individuals referred to Haftkel hospital during 2014.Methods: ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Is Iran threatened by Zika virus?

Rouhullah Dehghani; Masoud Amiri

Volume 4, Issue 2 , April 2017, , Pages 91-93

Abstract
  Zika virus is an Arbovirus identified first time in 1947 in Uganda. Zika epidemic is a threat far greater than the Ebola outbreak. The World Health Organization has urged Asian countries to be vigilant about the risk of spreading Zika virus and preventive measures to control it. In Iran, 64 species of ...  Read More

Genetic Epidemiology
Descriptive molecular epidemiology study of Giardia duodenalis in children of Parana State, Brazil

Hugo Leonardo Pereira Matsuchita; Amanda de Faveri Pitz; Francine Nesello Melanda; Regina Mitsuka Bregano; Francisco Jose Abreu de Oliveira; Fabiana Maria Ruiz Lopes Mori; Maria Claudia Noronha Dutra de Menezes; Idessania Nazareth Costa; Wander Rogerio Pavanelli; Monica Lucia Gomes; Cristiane Maria Colli; Emerson Jose Venancio; Ivete Conchon-Costa

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, , Pages 1-9

Abstract
  Background and aims: We investigated the children of Parana State, Brazil the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis and the associated factors involved in the transmission of intestinal parasites, and we genotyped the Giardia duodenalis isolates obtained. Methods: Fecal samples were analyzed by established ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Alteration in incidence and pattern of congenital anomalies among newborns during one decade in Azarshahr, Northwest of Iran

Leila Rostamizadeh; Sayed Rafi Bahavarnia; Roya Gholami

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, , Pages 37-43

Abstract
  Background and aims: Congenital anomalies are as the major causes of stillbirths, neonatal death, disability and childhood health problems all over the world. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and pattern of congenital anomalies in newborn during the first 24 hours of life in Shahid-Madani ...  Read More

Neurology
Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease: Genetics, epidemiology and complications

Masoumeh Pourhadi; Fereshteh Ahmadinejad; Reza Maghsoudi; Mohammad-Saeid Jami

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, , Pages 78-83

Abstract
  Background and aims: Charcot Marie Tooth disease (CMT) is the most prevalent hereditary neuropathy and its frequency is 1 in 2500. CMT is a heterogeneous disease and has different clinical symptoms. The prevalence of CMT and involved genes differ in different countries. CMT patients experience considerable ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in Iran: Systematic review and meta-analysis

Mehdi Ranjbaran; Mahmoud Reza Nakhaei; Mina Chizary; Mohsen Shamsi

Volume 3, Issue 3 , September 2016, , Pages 294-301

Abstract
  Background and aims: The World Health Organization and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) recommended executive breastfeeding for 6 months after birth. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of executive breastfeeding in Iran by a meta-analysis study to be used by policy-makers ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Epidemiology of traumatic spinal cord injury: The substantial role of imaging methods

Ayoob Rostamzadeh; Daryoush Fatehi; Hossein Masoumi; Masoud Amiri

Volume 3, Issue 2 , June 2016, , Pages 172-175

Abstract
  Background and aims: One of the most common injuries around the world is the traumatic injury of the spine and spinal cord with unknown worldwide situation of traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) affecting on the effectiveness of preventive policy programs. In addition, because of possibility of making ...  Read More

Cancer Epidemiology
Trend of bladder cancer mortality in Iran (2006 to 2010)

Sepideh Mahdavi; Neda Amoori; Hamid Salehiniya; Zeinab Almasi; Mostafa Enayatrad

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November 2015, , Pages 184-189

Abstract
  Background and aims: Bladder cancer is the most common tumor of the urinary tract and the ninth cancer in terms of incidence in both sexes in the world. Bladder cancer is the second most common cancer among men in Iran. The most important risk factors which attribute to the incidence of bladder cancer ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Epidemiological survey and geographical distribution of cutaneous Leishmaniasis in North Khorasan province, 2006-2013

R Rajabzadeh; K Arzamani; HR Shoraka; H Riyhani; Seyed Hamid Hosseini

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November 2015, , Pages 197-203

Abstract
  Background and aims: Leishmaniasis is a widespread problem, especially in the tropical and subtropical countries. Since understanding the epidemiologic and geographical distribution of the diseases is necessary for prevention and controlling the Leishmaniasis. This study was conducted on epidemiological ...  Read More