Epidemiology
1. Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Interest in Home-Based Exercise: A Study on the Iranian Community

Sajad Bagherian; Majid Mardaniyan Ghahfarrokhi; Ebrahim Banitalebi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 April 2021

Abstract
  Background: According to WHO, immediate self-quarantine is assumed as the best course of action for highly contagious diseases. But, many individuals have so far become overweight and are also suffering from physical problems. Therefore, the present study aimed to effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on interest ...  Read More

Social Epidemiology
2. Investigating the Status of Suicide Attempt and Suicide Deaths in Population Covered by Dezful University of Medical Sciences During 2012-2018

Fatemeh Rashidi; Maryam Mansouri Baghbaderani; Forutan Salehinezhad; Maryam Dastoorpoor

Volume 7, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, , Pages 157-162

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.28

Abstract
  Background and aims: Suicide is one of the most important complications of the industrialized world. The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of suicide attempt and suicide deaths in the population covered by Dezful University of Medical Sciences (DUMS).   Methods: In this ...  Read More

Epidemiology
3. Ten-Year Trends of the Incidence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the South of Fars Province, Iran, During 2007-2016

Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan; Nasrin Shokrpour; Hamed Delam

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, , Pages 120-124

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.21

Abstract
     Background and aims: Leishmaniasis is one of the most overlooked diseases in tropical areas, which can lead to many deaths and illnesses. The present study was designed to determine the trend of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the south of Fars Province (south of Iran) during 2007-2016. Methods: ...  Read More

Virology
4. Seroprevalence of Cytomegalovirus Antibodies by Electrochemiluminescence Method in Young Women Referred to the Clinical Laboratory, Sanandaj, Iran

Mazaher Khodabandehloo; Pezhman Sharifi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, , Pages 92-98

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.16

Abstract
     Background and aims: Maternal primary and recurrent infection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) may be transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy and may have complications such as death or growth, along with the development retardation of the fetus and infant. The aim of this study was to determine ...  Read More

5. The Study of Soil Contamination by Toxocara spp. Eggs in Different Areas of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Southwest Iran

Giti Shirvani; Rahman Abdizadeh; Koroush Manouchehri Naeini; Seifollah Mortezaei; Mina Khaksar

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, , Pages 177-181

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.31

Abstract
  Background and aims: Toxocariasis caused by the larvae of Toxocara spp. is a zoonotic infectionwith global distribution that is considered an important health problem in the humans. The soil isregarded as the main source of the transmission of Toxocara infection to susceptible hosts. This studyinvestigated ...  Read More

6. The Investigation of Psychometric Properties (Validity and Reliability Reassessment) of WHO QOL-BREF Questionnaire in Shahrekord Cohort Study

Fatemeh Salehi; Ali Ahmadi

Volume 6, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, , Pages 182-187

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.32

Abstract
  Background and aims: The purpose of this study was to revalidate the Persian version of the WHOquality of life (WHOQOL-BREF) instrument to determine the quality of life status in the ShahrekordCohort Study (SCS) in the southwest of Iran. This study was designed to serve as one of the sources ofthe Prospective ...  Read More

Epidemiology
7. Epidemiology and Estimating the Risk Factors for the Transfer of Hepatitis B Virus Using Multivariate Analysis Model: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Mansour Bahardoust; Marjan Mokhtare; Arash Sarveazad; Shahdieh Karimi; Atefeh Talebi; Arezoo Chaharmahali; Shahram Agah

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Spring 2019, , Pages 70-75

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.13

Abstract
  Background and aims: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the important public health diseases in Iran.Therefore, to control the prevalence of the disease, knowledge is required regarding the risk factor ofHBV. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to determine the risk factors of HB transmission.Methods: ...  Read More

Molecular Epidemiology
8. Isolation and Molecular Identification of Leishmania spp. in Patients With Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Golestan Province, Iran

َAli Fattahi Bafghi; Gilda Eslami; Oghol Niazjorjani; Farzaneh Mirzaei; Javad Namrodi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter 2019, , Pages 8-13

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.02

Abstract
  Background and aims: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a major health issue in many parts of Iran.Diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis in a non-endemic area is not as simple as that in endemic foci.The management and treatment of this disease are global dilemmas. The purpose of this study was toidentify Leishmania ...  Read More

9. Adult Functional Health Literacy and its Related Factors: A Cross-Sectional Study

Babak Moeini; Masomeh Rostami-Moez; Fereshteh Besharati; Javad Faradmal; Saeed Bashirian

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter 2019, , Pages 24-29

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.05

Abstract
  Background and aims: Health literacy (HL) can affect individual health, health communication anderror in taking medicine. The aim of this study was to determine the level of HL and associated factorsamong Iranian adults.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 240 participants over 18 years of age referring ...  Read More

Epidemiology
10. Mean Scores of Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Iranian University Students Based on DASS-21: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Jahanshah Mohammadzadeh; Shahram Mami; Khadijeh Omidi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter 2019, , Pages 42-48

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.08

Abstract
  Background and aims: Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder, and students are morepredisposed to depression than other populations. This meta-analysis was conducted to estimate themean depression score in Iranian students based on DASS-21.Methods: The search was carried out using keywords ...  Read More

Nursing
11. Homesickness, depression and happiness in university students in Hamadan, Iran

Babak Moeini; Hamid Abasi; Maryam Afshari; Morteza Haji Hosseini; Ali Ghaleiha

Volume 5, Issue 3 , Summer 2018, , Pages 73-79

Abstract
  Background and aims: Students are exposed to multiple mental disorders. One of the most important things that students face to is homesickness and depression that causes reduction happiness in them. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between homesickness with depression and happiness ...  Read More

12. Quality of Life of Nurses and Related Factors

Zahra Omrani; Elnaz Talebi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2018, , Pages 60-63

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.13

Abstract
  Background and aims: A high number of healthcare team members are nurses. Nurses’ quality of lifelevel is an important issue because it affects their level of care delivered to their patients. Knowledgeabout nurses’ level of quality of life is useful for planning. The present study was conducted ...  Read More

13. A Brief Overview on Poverty in Iran: Comparison With the World

Habib-allah Shahriyari; Masoud Amiri; Zahra Shahryari

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2018, , Pages 67-71

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.15

Abstract
  Poverty is a multi-dimensional problem; thus, various researchers, based on their field, have investigated different aspects of poverty. Moreover, poverty, as a global problem, could be an interesting subject for both developed and developing countries. In recent decades, both international organizations ...  Read More

14. What is the Best Index for Unemployment?

Habib-allah Shahriyari; Masoud Amiri; Zahra Shahriyari; Fatemeh Farzin

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter 2018, , Pages 1-2

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.01

Abstract
  A regular activity in all human societies is the evaluation and control of important socioeconomicindices. Unemployment rate is one of these indices, which is very important in evaluating andapplying policies for control or preparation of desired changes in economy; in fact, it is a challengefor policy ...  Read More

15. Guillain-Barre Syndrome: A Retrospective Study of Clinical and Epidemiological Features in Kurdistan, West of Iran, From 2005 To 2014

Payam Khomand; Sajjad Abdolmalaki; Ebrahim Ghaderi; Sahar Khoshravesh

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter 2018, , Pages 9-13

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.03

Abstract
  Background and aims: The most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis of all ages is Guillain-Barresyndrome (GBS). Further understanding of this disease is important because of its life-threateningnature in life. The aim of this study was to conduct a 10-year survey on epidemiological and clinicalfeatures ...  Read More

16. An Examination of Psychometric Characteristics and Factor Structure of Death Anxiety Scale Within a Sample of Iranian Patients With Heart Disease

Mohammad Ali Soleimani; Saeed Pahlevan Sharif; Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh; Kelly-Ann Allen; Hamid Sharif Nia

Volume 4, Issue 4 , Autumn 2017, , Pages 260-266

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2017.14

Abstract
  Background and aims: Despite a substantial body of work examining the role of death anxiety (DA)in an individual’s quality of life, there is a lack of valid and standardized instruments that couldmeasure this construct for patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). The objective of this study ...  Read More

Health Promotion
17. The Attitude of Health Technology Assessment Students to Their Field of Study and Future Career in Iran

Morteza Arab-zozani; Reza Majdzadeh; Parvin Sarbakhsh; Roshanak Naseri Sis

Volume 4, Issue 3 , Summer 2017, , Pages 227-231

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2017.08

Abstract
    Background and aims: Positive attitudes toward future career lead to job motivation and consequently to career success. Health technology assessment (HTA) students are worried about their future career due to lack of defined vacancies. The aim of this study was to determine the attitudes of HTA ...  Read More

Epidemiology
18. Is Iran threatened by Zika virus?

Rouhullah Dehghani; Masoud Amiri

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Spring 2017, , Pages 91-93

Abstract
  Zika virus is an Arbovirus identified first time in 1947 in Uganda. Zika epidemic is a threat far greater than the Ebola outbreak. The World Health Organization has urged Asian countries to be vigilant about the risk of spreading Zika virus and preventive measures to control it. In Iran, 64 species of ...  Read More

HIV/AIDS
19. Determinant factors of survival time in a cohort study on HIV patient using by time-varying cox model: Fars province, south of Iran

Abbas Rezaianzadeh; Hedayat Abbastabar; Abdolreza Rajaeefard; Haleh Hgaem; Maliheh Abdollahi

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Spring 2017, , Pages 145-155

Abstract
  Background and aims: The pandemic of AIDS is a global emergency and one of the biggest challenges in social and individual life. This study aimed to evaluate the survival time of HIV patients and its effective factors. Methods: This historical cohort study was conducted on the individuals infected with ...  Read More

Epidemiology
20. Alteration in incidence and pattern of congenital anomalies among newborns during one decade in Azarshahr, Northwest of Iran

Leila Rostamizadeh; Sayed Rafi Bahavarnia; Roya Gholami

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2017, , Pages 37-43

Abstract
  Background and aims: Congenital anomalies are as the major causes of stillbirths, neonatal death, disability and childhood health problems all over the world. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and pattern of congenital anomalies in newborn during the first 24 hours of life in Shahid-Madani ...  Read More

Epidemiology
21. Addiction: A big challenge of social security in Iran

Rouhullah Dehghani; Masoud Amiri

Volume 3, Issue 3 , Summer 2016, , Pages 201-203

Abstract
  Due to special conditions of Iran; i.e., neighboring to major centers of drug production in Afghanistan during the last few decades, it was the passageway of the drug to Europe. Moreover, because of appropriate context of social, economic and cultural situations, there was an increased addiction and ...  Read More

Epidemiology
22. Life expectancy at birth in Aran-Bidgol region, Iran, 2012: A study based on corrected Health Houses data

Mehrdad Mahdian; Mojtaba Sehat; Mohammad Reza Fazel; Habibollah Rahimi; Mahdi Mohammadzadeh

Volume 3, Issue 3 , Summer 2016, , Pages 259-267

Abstract
  Background and aims: Life expectancy is one of the most important indicators of health and well-being of a society. Since it is claimed that in Aran-Bidgol region, center of Iran, life expectancy is higher than the average of the country, this study was designed. Methods: During a cross-sectional study, ...  Read More

Cancer Epidemiology
23. Epidemiology and trend of stomach cancer mortality in Iran

Neda Amoori; Sepideh Mahdavi; Mostafa Enayatrad

Volume 3, Issue 3 , Summer 2016, , Pages 268-275

Abstract
  Background and aims: Stomach cancer is one of the most common cancers and the second cause of deaths among cancers worldwide cancer in the world. This study aimed to estimate the rate and trend of death from stomach cancer in Iranian population between 2006 and 2010. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional ...  Read More

Epidemiology
24. Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in Iran: Systematic review and meta-analysis

Mehdi Ranjbaran; Mahmoud Reza Nakhaei; Mina Chizary; Mohsen Shamsi

Volume 3, Issue 3 , Summer 2016, , Pages 294-301

Abstract
  Background and aims: The World Health Organization and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) recommended executive breastfeeding for 6 months after birth. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of executive breastfeeding in Iran by a meta-analysis study to be used by policy-makers ...  Read More

Epidemiology
25. Difference in clinical manifestations of myocardial infarction between men and women in Iran in 2014-2015

Narjes Rajaei Behbahani; Koorosh Etemad; Yadollah Mehrabi; Ali Ahmadi; Jalil Hasani

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, , Pages 106-111

Abstract
  Background and aims: Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of mortality among men and women so that the difference in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) symptoms between men and women can affect diagnosis and time of decision making for treatment and consequently disease outcomes. Therefore, knowledge ...  Read More