Epidemiologic and Clinical Characteristics of Guillain-Barré Syndrome in Patients Referred to Sina Hospital in Hamadan in 2018

Mojtaba Khazaei; Fatemeh Ghasemi; Mehrdokht Mazdeh; Elham Khanlarzadeh; Masoud Ghiasian

Volume 9, Issue 4 , November 2022, , Pages 150-154

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/EHSJ.2022.27

Abstract
  Background and aims: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) has several types, some of which damage myelin and some others cause axonal damage. Detecting the type of GBS is important in determining the type of treatment and its prognosis. This study was conducted to investigate the epidemiological characteristics ...  Read More

Public Trust in Healthcare System in Iran: A Rapid Assessment During the COVID-19 Epidemic in Iran

Kamran Bagheri-Lankarani; Mohammad-Hadi Imanieh; Amir-Hossein Hassani; Hossein Molavi Vardanjani

Volume 8, Issue 4 , November 2021, , Pages 146-151

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.27

Abstract
  Background and aims: Public health policies and programs should be adapted to the level of public trust in the healthcare system, as an indicator of the public support level. Accordingly, the data about public trust level in the healthcare system is considered as a critical requirement for managing public ...  Read More

Radiological Findings From 101 Patients With Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Hamadan, West of Iran: Typical and Atypical Features

Farideh Gharekhanloo; Seyyed Hamid Hashemi; Fariba Keramat; Farzaneh Esna-Ashari; Mojgan Mamani; Mohammad Mahdi Majzoubi; Saeed Bashirian; Mahsa Gharekhanloo; Salman Khazaei

Volume 8, Issue 3 , August 2021, , Pages 122-128

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.23

Abstract
  Background and aims: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread widely throughout the world and become a pandemic disease. In this study, we decided to investigate the chest computed tomography (CT) findings in COVID-19 patients in Hamadan, west of Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was ...  Read More

Epidemiology of Intestinal Parasites in the Rural and Urban Areas of Hamadan Province in west –Central Iran

Mohammad Mahdi Majzoobi; Amir Hossein Maghsood; Mohammad Matini; Khosrow Sardarian; Sayed Ali Alavi; Mohammad Fallah

Volume 8, Issue 2 , May 2021, , Pages 62-66

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.11

Abstract
  Background and aims: Previous studies have shown that the intestinal parasites have the high prevalence in Hamadan province. However, this problem has not been addressed properly yet and, therefore, there is not up-to-date information about it. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of intestinal ...  Read More

Isolation and Identification of Acanthamoeba Strains From the Oral Cavity of Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis in Shahrekord County, the Southwest of Iran in 2018

Mohsen Cheshmpanam; Kourosh Manouchehri Naeini; Soleiman Kheiri; Rahman Abdizadeh

Volume 8, Issue 2 , May 2021, , Pages 73-78

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.13

Abstract
  Background and aims: Acanthamoeba spp. as opportunistic microorganisms are widespread in a wide range of environmental sources in the world and may cause severe diseases in immune-deficient patients. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and genotypes of Acanthamoeba spp. in hemodialysis ...  Read More

Prevalence of Ventricular Septal Defect and Associated Diseases Among Patients Under 18 Years in Shiraz During 2016-2017

Hamid Mohammadi; Nima Mehdizadegan; Mohammad Reza Edraki; Saeed Karimi; Negar Yazdani; Reza Bahrami; Mohammad Bahrami

Volume 8, Issue 2 , May 2021, , Pages 83-87

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.15

Abstract
  Background and aims: Since ventricular septal defect (VSD) is the most common congenital heart disease, this study aimed to investigate its prevalence, characteristics, and associated diseases in a referral children’s heart clinic in south of Iran.Methods: In this cross-sectional study that was ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Interest in Home-Based Exercise: An Application of Digital Epidemiology

Sajad Bagherian; Majid Mardaniyan Ghahfarrokhi; Ebrahim Banitalebi

Volume 8, Issue 1 , February 2021, , Pages 47-53

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.08

Abstract
  Background and aims: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), immediate self-quarantine is assumed as the best course of action for highly contagious diseases. Since the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, many individuals have become overweight and are also suffering from physical ...  Read More

Social Epidemiology
Investigating the Status of Suicide Attempt and Suicide Deaths in Population Covered by Dezful University of Medical Sciences During 2012-2018

Fatemeh Rashidi; Maryam Mansouri Baghbaderani; Forutan Salehinezhad; Maryam Dastoorpoor

Volume 7, Issue 4 , November 2020, , Pages 157-162

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.28

Abstract
  Background and aims: Suicide is one of the most important complications of the industrialized world. The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of suicide attempt and suicide deaths in the population covered by Dezful University of Medical Sciences (DUMS).Methods: In this cross-sectional ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Ten-Year Trends of the Incidence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the South of Fars Province, Iran, During 2007-2016

Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan; Nasrin Shokrpour; Hamed Delam

Volume 7, Issue 3 , August 2020, , Pages 120-124

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.21

Abstract
    Background and aims: Leishmaniasis is one of the most overlooked diseases in tropical areas, which can lead to many deaths and illnesses. The present study was designed to determine the trend of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the south of Fars Province (south of Iran) during 2007-2016.Methods: ...  Read More

Virology
Seroprevalence of Cytomegalovirus Antibodies by Electrochemiluminescence Method in Young Women Referred to the Clinical Laboratory, Sanandaj, Iran

Mazaher Khodabandehloo; Pezhman Sharifi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , May 2020, , Pages 92-98

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.16

Abstract
    Background and aims: Maternal primary and recurrent infection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) may be transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy and may have complications such as death or growth, along with the development retardation of the fetus and infant. The aim of this study was to determine ...  Read More

The Study of Soil Contamination by Toxocara spp. Eggs in Different Areas of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Southwest Iran

Giti Shirvani; Rahman Abdizadeh; Koroush Manouchehri Naeini; Seifollah Mortezaei; Mina Khaksar

Volume 6, Issue 4 , November 2019, , Pages 177-181

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.31

Abstract
  Background and aims: Toxocariasis caused by the larvae of Toxocara spp. is a zoonotic infectionwith global distribution that is considered an important health problem in the humans. The soil isregarded as the main source of the transmission of Toxocara infection to susceptible hosts. This studyinvestigated ...  Read More

The Investigation of Psychometric Properties (Validity and Reliability Reassessment) of WHO QOL-BREF Questionnaire in Shahrekord Cohort Study

Fatemeh Salehi; Ali Ahmadi

Volume 6, Issue 4 , November 2019, , Pages 182-187

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.32

Abstract
  Background and aims: The purpose of this study was to revalidate the Persian version of the WHOquality of life (WHOQOL-BREF) instrument to determine the quality of life status in the ShahrekordCohort Study (SCS) in the southwest of Iran. This study was designed to serve as one of the sources ofthe Prospective ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Epidemiology and Estimating the Risk Factors for the Transfer of Hepatitis B Virus Using Multivariate Analysis Model: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Mansour Bahardoust; Marjan Mokhtare; Arash Sarveazad; Shahdieh Karimi; Atefeh Talebi; Arezoo Chaharmahali; Shahram Agah

Volume 6, Issue 2 , May 2019, , Pages 70-75

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.13

Abstract
  Background and aims: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the important public health diseases in Iran.Therefore, to control the prevalence of the disease, knowledge is required regarding the risk factor ofHBV. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to determine the risk factors of HB transmission.Methods: ...  Read More

Molecular Epidemiology
Isolation and Molecular Identification of Leishmania spp. in Patients With Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Golestan Province, Iran

َAli Fattahi Bafghi; Gilda Eslami; Oghol Niazjorjani; Farzaneh Mirzaei; Javad Namrodi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2019, , Pages 8-13

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.02

Abstract
  Background and aims: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a major health issue in many parts of Iran. Diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis in a non-endemic area is not as simple as that in endemic foci. The management and treatment of this disease are global dilemmas. The purpose of this study was to identify ...  Read More

Adult Functional Health Literacy and its Related Factors: A Cross-Sectional Study

Babak Moeini; Masomeh Rostami-Moez; Fereshteh Besharati; Javad Faradmal; Saeed Bashirian

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2019, , Pages 24-29

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.05

Abstract
  Background and aims: Health literacy (HL) can affect individual health, health communication and error in taking medicine. The aim of this study was to determine the level of HL and associated factors among Iranian adults. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 240 participants over 18 years of ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Mean Scores of Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Iranian University Students Based on DASS-21: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Jahanshah Mohammadzadeh; Shahram Mami; Khadijeh Omidi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2019, , Pages 42-48

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.08

Abstract
  Background and aims: Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder, and students are more predisposed to depression than other populations. This meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the mean depression score in Iranian students based on DASS-21.Methods: The search was carried out using keywords ...  Read More

Nursing
Homesickness, depression and happiness in university students in Hamadan, Iran

Babak Moeini; Hamid Abasi; Maryam Afshari; Morteza Haji Hosseini; Ali Ghaleiha

Volume 5, Issue 3 , September 2018, , Pages 73-79

Abstract
  Background and aims: Students are exposed to multiple mental disorders. One of the most important things that students face to is homesickness and depression that causes reduction happiness in them. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between homesickness with depression and happiness ...  Read More

Quality of Life of Nurses and Related Factors

Zahra Omrani; Elnaz Talebi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , June 2018, , Pages 60-63

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.13

Abstract
  Background and aims: A high number of healthcare team members are nurses. Nurses’ quality of lifelevel is an important issue because it affects their level of care delivered to their patients. Knowledgeabout nurses’ level of quality of life is useful for planning. The present study was conducted ...  Read More

A Brief Overview on Poverty in Iran: Comparison With the World

Habib-allah Shahriyari; Masoud Amiri; Zahra Shahryari

Volume 5, Issue 2 , June 2018, , Pages 67-71

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.15

Abstract
  Poverty is a multi-dimensional problem; thus, various researchers, based on their field, have investigated different aspects of poverty. Moreover, poverty, as a global problem, could be an interesting subject for both developed and developing countries. In recent decades, both international organizations ...  Read More

What is the Best Index for Unemployment?

Habib-allah Shahriyari; Masoud Amiri; Zahra Shahriyari; Fatemeh Farzin

Volume 5, Issue 1 , February 2018, , Pages 1-2

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.01

Abstract
  A regular activity in all human societies is the evaluation and control of important socioeconomicindices. Unemployment rate is one of these indices, which is very important in evaluating andapplying policies for control or preparation of desired changes in economy; in fact, it is a challengefor policy ...  Read More

Guillain-Barre Syndrome: A Retrospective Study of Clinical and Epidemiological Features in Kurdistan, West of Iran, From 2005 To 2014

Payam Khomand; Sajjad Abdolmalaki; Ebrahim Ghaderi; Sahar Khoshravesh

Volume 5, Issue 1 , February 2018, , Pages 9-13

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.03

Abstract
  Background and aims: The most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis of all ages is Guillain-Barresyndrome (GBS). Further understanding of this disease is important because of its life-threateningnature in life. The aim of this study was to conduct a 10-year survey on epidemiological and clinicalfeatures ...  Read More

An Examination of Psychometric Characteristics and Factor Structure of Death Anxiety Scale Within a Sample of Iranian Patients With Heart Disease

Mohammad Ali Soleimani; Saeed Pahlevan Sharif; Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh; Kelly-Ann Allen; Hamid Sharif Nia

Volume 4, Issue 4 , November 2017, , Pages 260-266

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2017.14

Abstract
  Background and aims: Despite a substantial body of work examining the role of death anxiety (DA)in an individual’s quality of life, there is a lack of valid and standardized instruments that couldmeasure this construct for patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). The objective of this study ...  Read More

Health Promotion
The Attitude of Health Technology Assessment Students to Their Field of Study and Future Career in Iran

Morteza Arab-zozani; Reza Majdzadeh; Parvin Sarbakhsh; Roshanak Naseri Sis

Volume 4, Issue 3 , August 2017, , Pages 227-231

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2017.08

Abstract
   Background and aims: Positive attitudes toward future career lead to job motivation and consequently to career success. Health technology assessment (HTA) students are worried about their future career due to lack of defined vacancies. The aim of this study was to determine the attitudes of HTA ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Is Iran threatened by Zika virus?

Rouhullah Dehghani; Masoud Amiri

Volume 4, Issue 2 , April 2017, , Pages 91-93

Abstract
  Zika virus is an Arbovirus identified first time in 1947 in Uganda. Zika epidemic is a threat far greater than the Ebola outbreak. The World Health Organization has urged Asian countries to be vigilant about the risk of spreading Zika virus and preventive measures to control it. In Iran, 64 species of ...  Read More

HIV/AIDS
Determinant factors of survival time in a cohort study on HIV patient using by time-varying cox model: Fars province, south of Iran

Abbas Rezaianzadeh; Hedayat Abbastabar; Abdolreza Rajaeefard; Haleh Hgaem; Maliheh Abdollahi

Volume 4, Issue 2 , April 2017, , Pages 145-155

Abstract
  Background and aims: The pandemic of AIDS is a global emergency and one of the biggest challenges in social and individual life. This study aimed to evaluate the survival time of HIV patients and its effective factors.Methods: This historical cohort study was conducted on the individuals infected with ...  Read More