The Performance of Antigen-detecting Rapid Diagnostic Test Among COVID-19 Outbreaks in North-Eastern Peninsular Malaysia

Hazlienor Mohd Hatta; Nik Mohd Hafiz Mohd Fuzi; Suhaiza Sulaiman; Abdul Haris Muhammad; Zaini Hussin

Volume 9, Issue 4 , November 2022, , Pages 164-170

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/EHSJ.2022.30

Abstract
  Background and aims: Accurate and timely diagnosis is crucial for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreaks. Antigen-detecting rapid diagnostic tests (Ag-RDTs) are easily accessible and affordable, producing rapid results. They are an alternative to the limited gold-standard real-time reverse-transcription ...  Read More

Comparison of Physical Activity Before and During COVID-19 and Its Relationship With Mental Well-being of People in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province

Mostafa Rahimi; Alireza Aghababa; Majid Mardaniyan Ghahfarrokhi; Mohammad Faramarzi

Volume 9, Issue 3 , August 2022, , Pages 99-106

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.18

Abstract
  Background and aims: Due to the widespread prevalence of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), to overcome and understand these conditions, it is necessary to survey the physical and psychological implications on individuals within the community to uncover effective solutions. This study aimed to ...  Read More

Relationship of COVID-19 Anxiety With Depression, Stress, and Anxiety Among Administrative Staff and Nurses in a Referral Hospital for Corona

Rohollah Fallah Madvari; Mahdi Jafari Nodoushan; Reyhane Sefidkar; Ziba Loukzadeh; Fahimeh Teimouri; Mohammad Hassan Basirinezhad; Moein Nemati; Mohadeseh Bagheshahi

Volume 9, Issue 3 , August 2022, , Pages 126-132

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.22

Abstract
  Background and aims: The prevalence of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was associated with many psychological consequences among personnel of hospitals. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between COVID-19 anxiety and depression, stress, and anxiety among administrative ...  Read More

Awareness, Practice, and Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination among Medical Students from Mansoura University, Egypt: A Cross-sectional Survey

Basant E. Katamesh; Moustafa E. Katamesh; W. A. Abdalrhman; Rawan Mohamed ElDeeb; Nourhan Mohamed Hareera; Ahmed Elsayed Raslan; Ahmed Ashraf Alabd; Ensanya A. Abou Neel

Volume 9, Issue 3 , August 2022, , Pages 133-138

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.23

Abstract
  Background and aims: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging transmissible infection that can be prevented by proper hygiene measures and vaccination. With the rise and rapid spread of the Omicron variant, vaccines are currently the best protective measure. This cross-sectional study aimed ...  Read More

Evaluation of the Side Effects of COVID-19 Vaccines

Farzin Bagheri Sheykhangafshe

Volume 9, Issue 3 , August 2022, , Pages 142-143

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.25

Abstract
  The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) originated in Wuhan, Hubei province, China, and soon spread as a pandemic throughout China and many other countries until March 11, 2020.The spread of the disease worldwide was so rapid that it became the biggest public health threat in 2020.COVID-19 has a wide ...  Read More

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Towards COVID-19 in Iran: A Population-Based Study

Samaneh Torkian; Vahid Khosravi; Reza Etesami; Zahra Jaafari; Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad; Ali Ahmadi; Narges Khanjani

Volume 9, Issue 2 , May 2022, , Pages 61-68

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.11

Abstract
  Background and aims: The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemic has far been the biggest global health threat of the 21st century. Protective measures are still one of the most effective methods for controlling COVID-19. Practicing hygiene and control measures are largely influenced by knowledge and attitude ...  Read More

Changing Pattern of Mortality in First and Second COVID-19 Waves: A Comparative Study From Kerala, India

Manu Mathews; Ramesan K; Harikrishnan Mohan; Simi Kurian; Farha Ahmed Payyanil Karlath; Binoo Divakaran; Balakrishnan Valliot; Sudeep K

Volume 9, Issue 2 , May 2022, , Pages 69-74

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.12

Abstract
  Background and aims: India has seen a two-wave pattern of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infections. The comparative characteristics of these two waves remain largely unknown. Changing trends in the demographic and clinical characteristics of the deceased COVID-19 patients in these two waves helped ...  Read More

Is There a Need to Assess the Health Status of School-Age Students When Reopening Schools Following the COVID-19 Pandemic?

Sajad Bagherian; Simin Nafian; Julien S Baker

Volume 9, Issue 2 , May 2022, , Pages 97-98

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.17

Abstract
  Physical activity is a broad term that encompasses all human motion at home, school, the workplace, and the community. As indicated in the Bangkok Declaration of the International Society for Physical Activity and Health (ISPAH), physical activity benefits both individuals and society, contributing to ...  Read More

COVID-19 and Statistical Challenges

Soleiman Kheiri

Volume 9, Issue 1 , February 2022, , Pages 1-1

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.01

Abstract
  Since the outbreak of COVID-19 in December 2019, there has been an explosion of statistics and information about the disease, the number of cases, the number of deaths, and the number of recoveries. During this period several statistical and mathematical models have been developed and used to predict ...  Read More

Development and Psychometric Assessment of a Scale for Measuring Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice About COVID-19

Samaneh Torkian; Ali Ahmadi; Vahid Khosravi; Narges Khanjani; Zahra Jaafari; Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad; Neda Malek Mohammadi

Volume 9, Issue 1 , February 2022, , Pages 4-11

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.03

Abstract
  Background and aims: Knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) toward coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are important factors for adherence to protection strategies. The aim of this study was to construct and validate a questionnaire about the KAP of Iranians regarding COVID-19. Methods: Initially, ...  Read More

Exploring the Iranian Female Sandwich Generation’s Experiences of Multigenerational Caregiving Under the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Study Using Situational Analysis

Razieh Rayanpour; Majid Movahed Majd; Mohammad Taghi Iman; Darius Zifonun

Volume 9, Issue 1 , February 2022, , Pages 12-22

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.04

Abstract
  Background and aims: Although female family caregivers, especially those who belong to the sandwich generation, are at the forefront of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) battle, little is known about their experiences. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the female sandwich generation’s ...  Read More

Spatial and Epidemiological Analyses of COVID-19 in the Older Population of the Brazilian Amazon Region During 2020

Nadia Shigaeff; Marcus Vinicius Mariano de Souza; Ana Cristina Viana Campos

Volume 9, Issue 1 , February 2022, , Pages 28-33

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.06

Abstract
  Background and aims: In December 2019, the disease associated with SARS-CoV-2 was identified as the new coronavirus (COVID-19). The older population is regarded as the greatest risk group. The objective of the present study was to investigate the epidemiological aspects of COVID-19 during 2020 in the ...  Read More

Telehealth as a Pandemic Silver Lining: Healthcare Lessons from COVID-19

Bishwajit Ghose; Josephine Etowa; Tanjir Rashid Soron

Volume 8, Issue 4 , November 2021, , Pages 138-139

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.25

Abstract
  Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the third coronavirus to emerge in the past decade after the 2010 SARS-CoV and 2012 MERS-CoV, which originated in China and Saudi Arabia, respectively. The virus is transmitted via small droplets which are produced during activities such ...  Read More

Public Trust in Healthcare System in Iran: A Rapid Assessment During the COVID-19 Epidemic in Iran

Kamran Bagheri-Lankarani; Mohammad-Hadi Imanieh; Amir-Hossein Hassani; Hossein Molavi Vardanjani

Volume 8, Issue 4 , November 2021, , Pages 146-151

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.27

Abstract
  Background and aims: Public health policies and programs should be adapted to the level of public trust in the healthcare system, as an indicator of the public support level. Accordingly, the data about public trust level in the healthcare system is considered as a critical requirement for managing public ...  Read More

The Relationship Between Physical Activity, Body Image, and Eating Disorders During the COVID-19 Pandemic in High- School Girls

Mohammad Faramarzi; Majid Mardaniyan Ghahfarrokhi; Zahra Hemati Farsani; Zahra Raisi; Maryam Jamali; Julien S. Baker

Volume 8, Issue 4 , November 2021, , Pages 152-159

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.28

Abstract
  Background and aims: Decreased levels of physical activity (PA) during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic can cause physical and psychological problems for individuals. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between PA, body image, and eating disorders (EDs) ...  Read More

Prevention of Social Stigma Related to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Arash Aliasghari; Marzieh Hossini; Fatemeh Rahimi; Kazhal Mobaraki; Jamal Ahmadzadeh

Volume 8, Issue 3 , August 2021, , Pages 93-94

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.17

Abstract
  As a result of the global crisis related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), confusion, anxiety, fear, and some psychological effects have been created among the general population in this global village. Unfortunately, these factors have provoked inappropriate behavior converting the infection to ...  Read More

Anxiety Status of Instagram Users during Coronavirus Disease in Iran in 2020: A Cross-sectional Study

Hamed Delam; Ahmadreza Eidi; Omid Soufi; Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan

Volume 8, Issue 3 , August 2021, , Pages 105-108

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.20

Abstract
  Background and aims: Today, with the increasing prevalence of COVID-19 in the world, the general population with excessive worry due to media reports has a higher level of psychological distress. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the state of anxiety among Instagram users in 2020. Methods: ...  Read More

Evaluation of Diagnostic Modalities for SARS-Cov-2: A Review Study

Roghayeh Sheervalilou; Jamal Ahmadzadeh; Sahel Alavi; Kazhal Mobaraki; Saman Sargazi; Milad Shirvaliloo; Ali Golchin; Ali Yekanlou; Sahar Mehranfar

Volume 8, Issue 3 , August 2021, , Pages 129-137

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.24

Abstract
  Background and aims: In late December 2019, a cluster of progressive pneumonia-like respiratory syndromes broke out in Wuhan, China. As the number of cases continued to rise, the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has been declared a global public health emergency. The causative agent, i.e., SARS-CoV-2, ...  Read More

Health Promotion
Evaluating COVID-19 Related Health Anxiety Among Individuals Referring to Urban Health Centers in Arak, Iran: A Cross-sectional Study

Pegah Mohaghegh; Ehsan Abedi; Masomeh Sofian; Fatemeh Rafiei

Volume 8, Issue 1 , February 2021, , Pages 3-8

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.02

Abstract
  Background and aims: The prevalence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) resulted in health anxiety among general population and unreasonable referring to health centers. This study aimed to assess health anxiety related to COVID-19 in individuals referring to healthcare centers of Arak, Iran in 2020. Methods: ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Interest in Home-Based Exercise: An Application of Digital Epidemiology

Sajad Bagherian; Majid Mardaniyan Ghahfarrokhi; Ebrahim Banitalebi

Volume 8, Issue 1 , February 2021, , Pages 47-53

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.08

Abstract
  Background and aims: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), immediate self-quarantine is assumed as the best course of action for highly contagious diseases. Since the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, many individuals have become overweight and are also suffering from physical ...  Read More

Infectious Disease
Lessons Learned on How to Manage a Crisis: Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Healthcare System Weaknesses

Morteza Arab-Zozani; Hosein Ameri

Volume 7, Issue 4 , November 2020, , Pages 142-143

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.25

Abstract
  We have witnessed many advances in all fields of science over the years, especially in the field of health. However, various facts can be obtained in times of adversity. Although programs usually work well until a crisis occurs, they do not well continue during the crises. In addition, there are some ...  Read More

Social Epidemiology
Using Ineffective Coping Strategies for Facing With COVID-19

Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan; Hamed Delam

Volume 7, Issue 2 , May 2020, , Pages 52-52

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.10

Abstract
  Methods that people use to overcome problems are called coping strategies. The concept of coping was first introduced by Lazarus in 1966. He believed that stress involves three stages. First, there is the initial assessment, which is to observe a risk. The second stage involves the evaluation, which ...  Read More