Nucleus Accumbens Fractional Anisotropy and Children’s Body Mass Index: Moderating Role of Race and Family Income

Shervin Assari

Volume 9, Issue 2 , May 2022, , Pages 54-60

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.10

Abstract
  Background and aims: The nucleus accumbens (NAcc) functional and morphometric features may influence children’s body mass index (BMI). Recent evidence, however, suggests that the function and structure of the NAcc may have different predictive abilities for the BMI for the sub-groups of children ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Association Between Parental Educational Attainment and Children’s Negative Urgency: Sex Differences

Shervin Assari

Volume 8, Issue 1 , February 2021, , Pages 14-22

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.04

Abstract
  Background and aims: Negative urgency reflects a specific facet of impulsivity and correlates with a wide range of health-related risk behaviors, including, but not limited to, problematic substance use. Negative urgency is also shaped by family socioeconomic position (SEP), such as parental educational ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Parental Education and Children’s Sleep Problems: Minorities’ Diminished Returns

Shervin Assari

Volume 8, Issue 1 , February 2021, , Pages 31-39

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.06

Abstract
  Background and aims: While increased parental education reduces children’s sleep problems, less is known about racial variation in such protection. According to Minorities’ Diminished Returns (MDRs) theory, economic resources such as parental education show weaker health effects for minority ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Epidemiology of injuries in children under five years old in Qazvin, Iran

Kazem Hosseinzadeh; Raheleh Sadegh

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, , Pages 18-23

Abstract
  Background and aims: In Iran, according to the available data on health statistics, injuries are the as the common cause of death in different age groups after chronic heart diseases. The aim of this study was to present detailed information on eight common injuries. Methods: This study is an analysis ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Study of risk factors related to the orofacial clefts in Eastern Azerbaijan, Iran: Population-based from 2000 to 2015

Shahin Abdollahifakhim; Mehrnoosh Mousaviagdas; Mojtaba Sohrabpour

Volume 3, Issue 4 , November 2016, , Pages 336-344

Abstract
  Background and aims: Nowadays, Orofacial clefts are known as the most common orofacial birth defects. Several factors are responsible for problem, such as environmental factors, genetic background, nutritional deficiencies such as Vitamins, zinc, iron, maternal diseases, exposure to teratogenicagents, ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in elementary school students in Hamadan

Mohammad Reza Mostafaee; Mostafa Shokati; Ramin Sarchami; Hossein Rafiei

Volume 3, Issue 1 , February 2016, , Pages 63-68

Abstract
  Background and aims: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most prevalent disorder in children. Due to the importance of the disorder in children and its complications, this study aimed to assess the relation of the disorder with demographic factors in students of schools located in ...  Read More

Nursing
The Effect of Dexamethasone on the incidence of laryngospasm in pediatric patients after Tonsillectomy

Molouk Jaafarpour; ali khani; Javaher khajavikhan

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2015, , Pages 113-117

Abstract
  Background and Aims: Laryngospasm and vomiting occurring after tracheal extubation in children is potentially dangerous. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of preoperative 0.5 mg/kg i.v. Dexamethasone on the incidence of postextubation laryngospasm, and vomiting in children after tonsillectomy. ...  Read More