Epidemiology
1. The Prevalence of Helmet Use and Predictive Factors Among Motorcyclists in Shahrekord, Iran in 2018

Saleh Jafarian; Ali Ahmadi; Masoud Amiri; Rahman Biokani; Zohreh Abbaspour; Masoud Mahmoudzadeh

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 30 March 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.0x

Abstract
     Background and aims: Motorcycle accidents are a major concern for countries. One of the most important risk factors for motorcyclists is the lack of helmet use. This study aimed to measure the rate of the helmet use and predictive factors in Shahrekord, Iran. Methods: Using simple random ...  Read More

Epidemiology
2. Sex Differences in the association between Parental Education and Children Negative Urgency
Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 23 December 2020

Abstract
  Background: Negative urgency reflects a specific facet of impulsivity and correlates with a wide range of health-related risk behaviors, including but not limited to problematic substance use. Negative urgency is also shaped by family socioeconomic position such as parental educational attainment.Aim: ...  Read More

Epidemiology
3. Parental Education and Children’s Sleep Disturbance: Minorities’ Diminished Returns
Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 April 2021

Abstract
  Background: While increased parental education reduces children’s sleep problems, less is known about racial variation in such protection. According to Minorities’ Diminished Returns (MDRs) theory, economic resources such as parental education show weaker health effects for minority groups ...  Read More

Epidemiology
4. Preventing of Social Stigma Related to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Jamal Ahmadzadeh; Arash Aliasghari; Marzieh Hossini; Fatemeh Rahimi; Kazhal Mobaraki

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 April 2021

Abstract
  As a result of the global crisis related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), confusion, anxiety and fear and other psychological effects have been created among the general population in this global village. Unfortunately, these factors have provoked inappropriate behavior, and in aspect of socially, ...  Read More

Epidemiology
5. Cholera Outbreak in Hadhramout, Yeme

Eidha Ali Bin-Hameed; Huda Ameen Joban

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 06 April 2021

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and aim: Cholera is a disease of acute watery diarrhea caused by Vibrio cholerae which is usually transmitted through contaminated water. In this study, we collected and analyzed the related epidemiological data to determine the outbreak of cholera in Hadhramout, Yemen during the epidemiological ...  Read More

Epidemiology
6. Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Interest in Home-Based Exercise: A Study on the Iranian Community

Sajad Bagherian; Majid Mardaniyan Ghahfarrokhi; Ebrahim Banitalebi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 April 2021

Abstract
  Background: According to WHO, immediate self-quarantine is assumed as the best course of action for highly contagious diseases. But, many individuals have so far become overweight and are also suffering from physical problems. Therefore, the present study aimed to effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on interest ...  Read More

Epidemiology
7. Epidemiologic Evaluation of Maxillofacial Trauma in Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan

Abbas Haghighat; Sobhan Pourarz; Afsaneh Zarghami

Volume 7, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, , Pages 152-156

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.27

Abstract
    Background and aims: This study aimed at analyzing the epidemiological features and complications of different types of maxillofacial traumas in patients who referred to Alzahra hospital, Isfahan during 2005-2019.   Methods: This descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study included all patients ...  Read More

Epidemiology
8. Prevalence of Von Willebrand Disease in Women of Reproductive Age With Heavy Menstrual Bleeding in Kashan, Iran, During 2019

Tahereh Abdoli; Mansooreh Samimi; Fatemeh Atoof; Mohammad Shayestehpour; Majid Ehsani

Volume 7, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, , Pages 163-166

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.29

Abstract
  Background and aims: Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is an inherited disorder of blood clotting in humans. The prevalence of VWD is different among various populations. The prevalence of this disorder in women with menorrhagia is less reported in Asia and Iran. The present study aimed to determine ...  Read More

Epidemiology
9. Self-medication Among Students in Southern Iran: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Attitudes

Hamed Delam; Omid Soufi; Ahmadreza Eidi; Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan

Volume 7, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, , Pages 167-172

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.30

Abstract
  Background and aims: Self-medication, as the most common method of self-care, is one of the major problems in treatment in many countries in the world. The present study was designed to determine the prevalence of self-medication and identify the factors associated with casual medication use among students ...  Read More

Epidemiology
10. Sources of Drug Information and the Rate of Reading Patient Information Leaflets by Medical Sciences Students

Ameneh Nasiri; Bahareh Gholami Chaboki; Seyed Soheil Saeedi Saravi; Mojgan Nazari

Volume 7, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, , Pages 179-182

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.32

Abstract
  Background and aims: Patient information leaflets (PILs) are the best form of written information transfer. The aim of this study was to investigate the sources of drug information and the reading rate of PILs among medical sciences students.   Methods: Three hundred students were entered ...  Read More

Epidemiology
11. Effect of Age at Menarche on Obesity Epidemic

Saleh Jafarian

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, , Pages 99-100

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.17

Abstract
     Menarche is a sign of puberty and the beginning of ovarian and other endocrine functions relating to reproduction. It is an important event demonstrating the end of childhood and the start of reproductive years for each woman that is preceded by the complex process of some hormonal changes ...  Read More

Epidemiology
12. Time Series Analysis of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Sabzevar Northeastern Iran Using Segmented Regression Model

Hadis Barati; Erfan Ayubi; Sohrab Iranpour; Mohammad Barati; Ahmad Allah-Abadi; Seyed Saeed Hashemi- Nazari

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, , Pages 101-106

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.18

Abstract
     Background and aims: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is one of the most important parasitic diseases in the world. Sabzevar city is endemic area for CL in the north east of Iran. The aim of this study was to evaluate the time distribution of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Sabzevar County using ...  Read More

Epidemiology
13. Profile of Injection Drug Users in Kermanshah, Iran

Hamid Gheibipour; Soheila Khodakarim; Asaad Sharhani; Koorosh Etemad; Abolghasem Shokri

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, , Pages 115-119

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.20

Abstract
    Background and aims: Injection drug use is considered as an international public health threat that can lead to serious health-related outcomes. The aim of this study was to obtain a profile of injection drug users (IDUs) in Kermanshah, Iran, in 2017. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried ...  Read More

Epidemiology
14. Ten-Year Trends of the Incidence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the South of Fars Province, Iran, During 2007-2016

Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan; Nasrin Shokrpour; Hamed Delam

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, , Pages 120-124

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.21

Abstract
     Background and aims: Leishmaniasis is one of the most overlooked diseases in tropical areas, which can lead to many deaths and illnesses. The present study was designed to determine the trend of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the south of Fars Province (south of Iran) during 2007-2016. Methods: ...  Read More

Epidemiology
15. Performance of the Quantitative Latex Immunoturbidimetric D-dimer Assay for the Diagnosis of Acute Pulmonary Embolism at Rafik Hariri University Hospital

Rida Salman; Mira Alsheikh; Rim Ismail

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, , Pages 125-128

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.22

Abstract
     Background and aims: The diagnostic workup for pulmonary embolism (PE) includes D-dimer assay and computed tomographic angiography. Several D-dimer assays have been approved for PE diagnosis with different sensitivity and specificity. We aimed to study the sensitivity and specificity of ...  Read More

Epidemiology
16. Social Epidemiology of Perceived Discrimination in the United States: Role of Race, Educational Attainment, and Income

Shervin Assari

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, , Pages 136-141

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.24

Abstract
     Background and aims: This study aimed to compare non-Hispanic Black (NHB) and non-Hispanic White (NHW) American adults for the associations of educational attainment and household income with perceived racial discrimination. Methods: The 2010 National Alcohol Survey (NAS N12), a nationally ...  Read More

Epidemiology
17. Investigation of the prevalence of Head Lice and Factors Affecting Them in Infected People Referring to Gerash County Health Center

Elham Rezaee; Fatemeh Heidari; Mohammad Nowrouzi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, , Pages 58-62

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.12

Abstract
  Background and aims: Pediculosis is one of the most common parasitic diseases that affect a wide range of age groups. The prevention of head lice infections promotes the physical and mental health of people in the community. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of head lice ...  Read More

Epidemiology
18. Epidemiological Survey on Traffic Accident Mortality Referred to the Forensic Medical Center of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province During 2005-2016

Mahmoud Mobasheri; Soleiman Kheiri; Seifollah Bakhshi; Yadollah Ramezani; Mansour Firouzbakht

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, , Pages 68-73

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.14

Abstract
   Background and aims: The World Health Organization has listed Iran as the country with the highest number of driving accidents worldwide. Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari is among the top ten provinces in Iran. The aim of this study was to carry out an epidemiological survey on driving accidents resulting ...  Read More

Epidemiology
19. Vertical Distribution, Biodiversity, and Some Selective Aspects of the Physicochemical Characteristics of the Larval Habitats of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Iran

Seyed-Mohammad Omrani; Shahyad Azari-Hamidian

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, , Pages 74-91

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.15

Abstract
     Background and aims: Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) are still a focus of research because of their role in the transmission of diseases and annoying biting behavior. Source reduction is an effective measure to control mosquito populations, which is based on good knowledge of larval habitats. ...  Read More

Epidemiology
20. Investigation of the Predictors of Self-rated Health of Economically Disadvantaged African American Men and Women: Evidence for Sponge Hypothesis

Sharon Cobb; Shervin Assari

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, , Pages 25-34

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.05

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and aims: According to the sponge hypothesis, compared to men’s self-rated health (SRH),women’s SRH is more likely to reflect conditions other than chronic medical conditions (CMCs) suchas psychiatric disorders (PDs). As a result, poor SRH is a weaker predictive factor ...  Read More

Epidemiology
21. Study of Factors Influencing Drug Use Among Commercial Drivers in Suburban Public Transport

Elaheh Ainy; Hamid Soori; Roghayeh Paydar

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, , Pages 35-39

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.06

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and aims: This study was conducted to determine the economic, social, and culturalfactors influencing the consumption of drugs by drivers of public vehicles in 2013.Materials and Methods: The capture-recapture method was employed to determine drug use, its type,and the time of consumption ...  Read More

Epidemiology
22. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Urinary Tract Infection among Pregnant Women in Shahrekord, Iran

Mehri Rejali; Seyede Soghra Ahmadi

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Spring 2019, , Pages 55-59

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.10

Abstract
  Background and aims: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI)among the pregnant women and the risk factors related to it in Shahrekord, Iran.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 832 patients were examined during 26 to 30 weeks of pregnancyand their UTIs were studied. ...  Read More

Epidemiology
23. The Prevalence of Occupational Risk Factors and Occupational Diseases in Kerman, Iran

Maysam Rezapour; Zahra Khorrami; Raheleh Tabe; Narges Khanjani

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Spring 2019, , Pages 65-69

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.12

Abstract
  Background and aims: Many workers face significant hazardous workplace exposures, especially indeveloping countries. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of occupational riskfactors and common occupational diseases in Kerman.Methods: This study was based on data from occupational ...  Read More

Epidemiology
24. Epidemiology and Estimating the Risk Factors for the Transfer of Hepatitis B Virus Using Multivariate Analysis Model: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Mansour Bahardoust; Marjan Mokhtare; Arash Sarveazad; Shahdieh Karimi; Atefeh Talebi; Arezoo Chaharmahali; Shahram Agah

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Spring 2019, , Pages 70-75

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.13

Abstract
  Background and aims: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the important public health diseases in Iran.Therefore, to control the prevalence of the disease, knowledge is required regarding the risk factor ofHBV. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to determine the risk factors of HB transmission.Methods: ...  Read More

Epidemiology
25. The Relationship between Caesarean and Neonatal Hypothyroidism in Chadegan City

Moslem Taheri

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Spring 2019, , Pages 91-91

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.16

Abstract
  Dear Editor, I have read with great interest the article titled "The Relationship between Caesarean and Neonatal Hypothyroidism in Chadegan City" by Naderi et al[1]. Best regards and thanks to the authors, it is an interesting topic however these few points that I would entitled to highlight. First in ...  Read More