1Department of Public Health, School of Public Health Ilam University of Medical Sciences Ilam, Iran
2Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences Ilam, Iran
3Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
Background& Aims: The mortality rate for breast cancer is directly related to the stage of disease at diagnosis. The present study aimed to determine the influencing factors on knowledge, attitudes, and practices of women regarding breast cancer and its screening methods. Material & Methods: In a cross- sectional study, evaluated 383 women referring health centers of Ilam. Sampling was done in two stages. The inclusion criteria were included healthy women with least literate. Data was collected by a two part questionnaire including demographic characteristics and knowledge, attitudes and practices of women regarding breast cancer and its screening methods. Data were analyzed by chi-square and t-test in SPSS-16 software and a significance level of 0.05. Results: The Mean ± SD knowledge score was 22.43 ± 11.01. The Mean ± SD attitude and performance score were 29.08 ± 3.34 and 3.52 ± 1.66 respectively. There was a significant correlation between age, occupation and education with knowledge, attitude and practice of women about breast cancer and its screening methods (P< 0.05). There wasn’t a significant relationship between the marital status, history of benign breast disease and family history with knowledge, attitudes and practices about breast cancer and screening methods, (P> 0.05). Conclusion: However, half of the participants had good knowledge about breast cancer and screening procedures, but also, all participants with good knowledge hadn’t good practice. Therefore, it is necessary further training to enhance awareness and more research to identifying barriers to women's performance.