Background and aim: Cholera is a disease of acute watery diarrhea caused by Vibrio cholerae which is usually transmitted through contaminated water. In this study, we collected and analyzed the related epidemiological data to determine the outbreak of cholera in Hadhramout, Yemen during the epidemiological weeks 2019.
Methods: A retrospective study conducted according to screening rapid diagnostic and confirmatory laboratory culture testing methods used for diagnosis the suspected clinically cholera cases.
Results: A total of 794 suspected cases cholera, 399(50.5%) positive cases were detected by rapid diagnostic test, 76(9.6%) of them were confirmed by laboratory culture test with statistically significant (P-value 0.05). The highest proportion of cholera cases 224(28.2%) were reported in less than 15 years age group with statistically significant (P-value=0.003) when tested by rapid diagnostic test, and 45(5.66%) when confirmed by laboratory culture test with no statistically significant (P-value >0.05). Hajr directorate was the most effected 242(30.47%) followed by Mukalla city directorate 108(13.60%) when tested cases by rapid diagnostic test (P-value >0.05), while Hajr and Mukalla city directorates reported 55(7.0%) and 15(2.0%) respectively when confirmed by laboratory culture test with statistically significant (P-value = 0.002).
Conclusion: Recognition of cholera outbreak highlight the need for consistent laboratory and epidemiological based surveillance that can support prevention and control activities.