Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 School of Dentistry, Khorasgan (Isfahan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Oral Pathology, Khorasgan (Isfahan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

4 Student Research Committee, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

Abstract

Background and aims: Many pathologic conditions can affect the tongue and their pattern of occurrence may differ. The objective of this study was the epidemiological survey of tongue lesions reported in a 10-year period in the Oral Pathology Department of Khorasgan Dental School.
 
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 800 biopsy records were retrieved from the archives of the Oral Pathology Department of Khorasgan Dental School and examined. Moreover, the prevalence of lesions was investigated in terms of age and gender using descriptive statistics.
 
Results: The prevalence of lesions analyzed in the present study was 4.37%. About 71.42% of the participants were female and 28.58% were male. Irritation fibroma had the highest frequency (20%). The most frequent lesion among women was lichen planus with a prevalence of 20% and the most frequent lesion among men was irritation fibroma with a prevalence of 30%. The highest frequency was observed in the age group of 21-30 years. Squamous papilloma, lichen planus, and irritation fibroma were the most common lesions with a prevalence of 25%. No lesion was detected in people aged 1-10 years.
 
Conclusion: In the present study, reactive lesions were the most prevalent tongue lesions. According to the findings, changing the lifestyle and observing oral hygiene seem to help prevent these lesions to a large extent.

Keywords

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