Knowledge of Adults’ Reading Oral Cancer in South-East of Iran

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Oral and Dental Diseases Research Centre, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

4 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

5 Endodontology Research Center, Endodontology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

6 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Endodontology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Abstract

Background and aims: Squamous cell carcinoma is one of the most common cancers in the oral
cavity. The aim of this study was to assess the rate of awareness of people referring to medical clinics
in Kerman because of the oral cancer and its risk factors from 2015 to 2016.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample size of 1200 subjects between April
and December 2016 in Kerman, Iran. The participants were selected based on stratified sampling from
dental clinics of 4 different areas of the city. After filling the informed consent form, they were asked
to complete a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire included demographic information,
awareness of subjects about common characteristics of oral cancer, and predisposing risk factors. To
analyze the data, chi-square and analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests were used by means of SPSS 21.0.
A value of P ≤ 0.05 was considered to be significant.
Results: A total of 58.8% of the participants showed intermediate level of knowledge regarding
oral cancer. Knowledge about risk factors and symptoms was also at an intermediate level (57.2%
and 65% respectively). Knowledge of women was significantly more than that of men (P = 0.02).
moreover, subjects who were married presented more correct answers than single ones (P = 0.01).
Moreover, urban dwellers were found to be more knowledgeable than rural populations (P = 0.03).
Conclusion: Although the public information on oral cancer is improving compared to a study carried
out 7 years ago in Kerman, the level of knowledge is still not satisfactory. Indeed, much more efforts to
increase public information by social media is needed.

Keywords