Features of neck pain and its related factors among patients with cervical spondylosis

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Public Health Specialist, Good Neighbors Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

2 Post Graduate Diploma in Exercise Physiology Candidate, Department of Exercise Physiology, Bangladesh Krira Shikkha Pratisthan (BKSP), Bangladesh

3 Department of Physiotherapy, National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Dhaka, Bangladesh

Abstract

Introduction: The prevalence of cervical spondylosis is rising. The objective was to figure out the various features and their related factors among cervical spondylosis patients in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Methodology: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted enrolling 40 patients from NITOR at Dhaka, Bangladesh. Data were collected from the physiotherapy department of NITOR using convenient sampling technique. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Patients diagnosed with cervical spondylosis were included in this study. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22. Descriptive analysis was done using frequency measures, mean and percentages.
Results: The majority of t participants were female (62.5%). Most of the participants were between the age group of 35-50 years (62.5%). Most of them were urban population engaged in service or housewives. Stressful job (55%), duration of working hour >8 hours (62.5%) were the most common characteristics among patients. The main location of pain was in the shoulder (82.5%) followed by the neck (77.4%) and forearm (70%). Most patients had intermittent (57.5%), numbness (55%), tingling sensation (47.5%) and paresthesia (42.5%) type of pain. Moderate type of pain (65%), the involvement of both upper limbs (35%) and radiating pain to shoulder (72.5%) were the most reported features by patients. No response to medication was also observed.
Conclusion: Being female, middle age group, stressful occupation, location and radiation of pain to shoulder are some of the common features revealed in this study. The findings will help the practitioner to plan their treatment goals and techniques considering the characteristics of patients.

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