A Study of the Outcomes and Effective Factors on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in an Educational Hospital

Document Type: Original Article


1 MSc of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

2 Department of Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

3 Ph.D Student of Nursing Education, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


Background and aims: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) success rate is an important issue for all
healthcare facilities. In the present study, success rate and related factors were assessed in a hospital
in Iran.
Methods: This descriptive-correlational study was conducted in 2017. By using the convenience
sampling, 156 patients were selected. Variables based on the In-Hospital Utstein-Style were used,
which included 3 categories: patients, cardiac arrest and follow-up. Data were analyzed by SPSS 22.
Results: Of 156 participants, 92 were male and the average age was 61.4±5.5 years. Most cardiac
arrest occurred in night shift (43.6%). The most common cause of cardiac arrest was cancer (33%). Of
156 patients, 102 died. Results showed a significant correlation between success rate, a patient’s sex,
rhythm type and medication administered during resuscitation (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: Success rate in our study was low in comparison to previous studies. Further attention
should be paid to this issue.


Main Subjects

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