Family Needs of Patients Admitted to the Intensive Care Units

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Nursing Department, Medical Sciences Faculty,Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran/Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

2 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

3 MSc in Nursing education, Iran

4 MSc (medical-surgical), Sevom Shaban Hospital of Damavand, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Nursing Student, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

Abstract

Background and aims: Organizational support of family members of the patients admitted to intensive
care units (ICUs) potentially reduces mental stresses and enables them to better comply with and
support the patients. The current study aimed at evaluating the needs of families of the patients
admitted to ICUs in teaching hospitals of Iran.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 using convenience sampling method. The
Critical Care Family Needs Inventory (CCFNI) in 5 factors was used as a main data collection tool. The
study population included 235 family members of the patients.
Results: Total score of CCFNI was 132.32±18.46. Needs of family members of ICU patients decreased
0.428 times following the increase of length of stay in ICU (P < 0.001). Moreover, the need for
supportive cares was significantly 9.273 times lower among illiterate families, compared with the
ones with higher education level (P < 0.018).
Conclusion: Considering that the highest need was in the area of support and the predictors of the
family needs of the patients were the duration of hospitalization and the educational status of their
families, the main focus of nurses should be on the support of family members of the patients admitted
to the ICU and supporting and paying attention to their needs, who experience stressful conditions, to
satisfy them and even to encourage them to give better care to the patient and help health care staff.

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