Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Community Health Nursing, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Geriatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background and aims: A high number of healthcare team members are nurses. Nurses’ quality of life
level is an important issue because it affects their level of care delivered to their patients. Knowledge
about nurses’ level of quality of life is useful for planning. The present study was conducted to examine
the quality of life of nurses and related factors.
Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was performed during 2015-2016. Samples were
recruited from single nurses who worked in teaching hospitals in Tehran. To this end, 200 nurses were
selected by using simple random sampling method. Data collection was performed by researchers
using a researcher’s self-designed checklist for demographic characteristics and a 36-Item Short Form
Survey (SF-36). After data collection, data analysis was performed using SPSS 19.0 software.
Results: Of 200 nurses, 118 (59%) were female, and 82 (41%) were male. Of 200 nurses, 192 (96%)
were registered nurses and the rest had Master of Science degree in nursing. The mean score of quality
of life was 71.44 ± 10.12. Among subscales of quality of life, higher and lower scores were related
to the subscale ‘social role functioning’ and ‘physical functioning’, respectively. Nurses’ sex was a
significant factor that affected their quality of life (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: According to the findings of the present study, nurses’ quality of life was at moderate
level totally; however in some subscales they had some problems. Nurses’ quality of life needs more
attention. Further study in this regard is recommended.

Keywords

1.WHO Quality of Life Assessment Group. What quality of life? / The WHOQOL Group. World Health Forum. 1996;17(4):354- 6. 
2.Serinkan C, Kaymakçi K. Defining the Quality of Life Levels of the Nurses: A Study in Pamukkale University. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2013;89:580-4. doi: 10.1016/j. sbspro.2013.08.898. 3. American Nurses Association website. www.nursingworld. org. 2016. 
4.Perry L, Lamont S, Brunero S, Gallagher R, Duffield C. The mental health of nurses in acute teaching hospital settings: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Nurs. 2015;14:15. doi: 10.1186/ s12912-015-0068-8. 
5.Majidi SA, Masoudi I, Moghadamnia MT, Sharifi M, Barzegar M. The relationship between work shifts and nurses physical, psychologicaland social health indicators. Int J Hosp Res. 2014;3(4):193-98. 
6.Moradi T, Maghaminejad F, Azizi-Fini I. Quality of working life of nurses and its related factors. Nurs Midwifery Stud. 2014;3(2):e19450. 7. Cruz JP. Quality of life and its influence on clinical competence among nurses: a self-reported study. J Clin Nurs. 2017;26(3- 4):388-99. doi: 10.1111/jocn.13402. 
8.Faraji O, Salehnejad G, Gahramani S, Valiee S. The relation between nurses’ quality of work life with intention to leave their job. Nurs Pract Today. 2017;4(2):103-11. 
9.Ziaei M , Hosseini SY, Shariati H, Khoshboo E. Association between Occupational Burnout and Quality of Life among Healthcare workers. J Saf Promot Inj Prev. 2015;3(3):185-90. 
10.Alhani F, Oujiyan P. Work-family conflict in nurses and its accompaniment with their quality of life. J Educ Ethics Nurs. 2013;2(1):21-5. 
11.Dargahi H, Gharib M, Goodarzi M. Quality of Work Life in Nursing Employees of Tehran University of Medical Sciences Hospitals. Hayat. 2007;13(2):13-21. 
12.Montazeri A, Goshtasebi A, Vahdaninia M, Gandek B. The Short Form Health Survey (SF-36): translation and validation study of the Iranian version. Qual Life Res. 2005;14(3):875-82. 
13.Farrokhian AR, Motaghi M, Sharif MR. Quality of Life in Nurses; Case Study of Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan City, Iran. Int Arch Health Sci. 2016;3(3):93-9. doi: 10.18869/ iahs.3.3.93. 
14.Saberipour B, Mohammadzadeh H, Hemmatipour A, Zamani M, Salehi kamboo M. Quality of life and its related factors in nurses of Al Hadi hospital of Shushtar city in 2015. Mendish. 2015;6(3-4):49-58. 
15.Ansari H, Abbasi M. Health - related Quality of Life among Nurses in Zahedan University of Medical Sciences Hospitals. J Hosp. 2015;14(3):47-55. 
16.Estaji Z, Yazdi Moghadam H, Heydari A. Study of the quality of life of nurses in Sabzevar hospitals in 2005-2006. J Sabzevar Univ Med Sci. 2009;16(1):50-6. 
17.Gholami A, Farsi M, Hashemi Z, Lotfabadi P. Quality of Life in Nurses Working in Neyshabur Hospitals. Thrita J Med Sci. 2013;2(1):94-100. doi: 10.5812/thrita.7384. 
18.Aalaa M, Sanjari M, Tootee A, Mirzabeigi G, Salemi S. Assessment of quality of life of Iranian nurses. Nurs Rep. 2012;2(1):57-62. doi: 10.4081/nursrep.2012.e10. 
19.Rezakhani Moghaddam H, Mozaffari N, Mohammadi MA, Habibi A, Dadkhah B, Savadpour MT. Compare the Quality of Life of Nurses and Administrative Staff in Ardabil University of Medical Sciences. J Health Care. 2013;15(3):26-18. 
20.Valizadeh L, Farnam A, Zamanzadeh V, Bafandehzendeh M. Sources of stress for nurses in neonatal intensive care units of East azerbaijan province, iran. J Caring Sci. 2012;1(4):245-54. doi: 10.5681/jcs.2012.034. 
21.Nowrouzi B, Lightfoot N, Lariviere M, Carter L, Rukholm E, Schinke R, et al. Occupational Stress Management and Burnout Interventions in Nursing and Their Implications for Healthy Work Environments: A Literature Review. Workplace Health Saf. 2015;63(7):308-15. doi: 10.1177/2165079915576931. 
22.Motamed-Jahromi M, Fereidouni Z, Dehghan A. Effectiveness of Positive Thinking Training Program on Nurses’ Quality of Work Life through Smartphone Applications. Int Sch Res Notices. 2017;2017:4965816. doi: 10.1155/2017/4965816. 
23.Mazlom RS, Darban F, Kashani Lotfabadi M. The Effect of Stress Inoculation Program on the Quality of Life of Nurses Working in Psychiatric Wards. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2012;25(76):42-54. 
24.Ghaseminejad M, Tavafian SS, Heidarnia A. Surveying impact of physical health educational program on quality life of nurses with chronic low back pain. J Hosp. 2015;14(1):25-36.