Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor of Educational Management, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran


Background and aims: Urinary incontinence is common among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, which
affects their quality of life negatively. This study examined the effectiveness of a behavioral training
program on severity of urinary incontinence among Iranian women with MS.
Methods: This is a quasi experimental study. The sample was selected using purposeful sampling
from all those who presented for routine follow-up care and treatment in an MS clinic in Tehran from
March 2015 to September 2015. The training consisted of 2 sessions (each were 45 minutes) video,
small group discussion and group lecture in which all aspects of the urinary incontinence were taught.
Before the study initiation, patients were asked to complete the Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary
Incontinence Short Form (ICIQUI-SF) and a demographic questionnaire. Three month after the first
educational intervention, MS patients were reassessed using the ICIQUI-SF. Data analyzed in SPSS 21.
Results: The mean total scores of ICIQ-SF were 12.4 ± 3.3 and 7.1 ± 3.2 before and after training,
respectively. According to the results of paired t test, this difference before and after study was
statistically significant (P < 0.001). The mean scores of “number of urine leak” were 2.7 ± 0.9 and 1.5
± 0.8 before and after intervention, respectively (P < 0.001). The mean scores of “amount of urine leak”
were 3.3 ± 1.4 and 2.1 ± 0.9 before and after intervention, respectively (P < 0.001). The mean scores
of “effect of urine leak on everyday life” were 6.3 ± 2.1 and 3.6 ± 2.0 before and after intervention,
respectively (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: Behavioral training could be effective strategy in management of bladder dysfunction
in MS patients. Health-care providers should be aware of this and plan for use. Further study in this
regard is strongly recommended.


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