A Brief Overview on Poverty in Iran: Comparison With the World

Document Type: Brief Communication

Authors

1 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

2 Department of Economy, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran

Abstract

Poverty is a multi-dimensional problem; thus, various researchers, based on their field, have investigated different aspects of poverty. Moreover, poverty, as a global problem, could be an interesting subject for both developed and developing countries. In recent decades, both international organizations and different countries have had some programs for reducing poverty. The evaluatinon of power and capacity of national economy for coping with poverty is the first essential step. In addition, in long-term period, poverty would depend on economy development, but in short-term, considering the proper concept of poverty with potential available financial resources is necessary. Then, calculation of poverty line and percentage of poor people using the appropriate methods is the next step.
In recent decades, Iran's economy has had different economic problems such as inflation increasing, unemployment, deficit of payment balance in macroeconomic and its effect on poverty and in equal income distribution in microeconomics. Effects of the price balancing on poverty is also an important topic that its evaluation is possible with the data acquired after the policy of subsides’ law. Another aspect is the picture of poverty in rural and urban communities in the last year and near to implementation of this policy. This article presenta an overall picture of poverty in urban and rural communities of Iran as well as world-based defined indices in poverty literature.

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