Quality of Life in the Mothers of Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and its Effective Factors

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Statistics, Faculty of Science, University of Qom, Qom, Iran

5 Psychology MSc Student in West Tehran Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background and aims: Having a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have
an impact on the quality of life of his/her parents, particularly his/her mother. However, very limited
studies have addressed this issue in Iran and the world. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine
the quality of life in the mothers of children with ADHD and its effective factors.
Methods: The present descriptive-analytic study was carried out in Tehran from April to September
2016. A total of 110 mothers of ADHD children were enrolled in the study through a convenience
sampling method, who referred to psychiatric centers of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. An
informed consent form was obtained from all the participants as well. In addition, a researcher-made
checklist for demographic characteristics and the 36-item Short Form of Health Survey Questionnaire
(SF-36) were utilized for data collection. The collected data were then entered into SPSS 16 statistical
software. Finally, descriptive tests (mean and median) and statistical tests including Pearson correlation
test, independent t test, and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used for data analysis.
Results: The mean age of participated mothers was 39.5 years and most children were males (76.4%).
The mean overall score of the quality of life was 60.6 ± 20.4. Among the eight dimensions of the
questionnaire, participants achieved the lowest score regarding the dimension of “the role limitations
due to emotional problems” with the mean score of 52.43, while the highest score was observed in
terms of “the physical function” dimension with the mean score of 77.30. No significant relationship
was observed between any of the demographic characteristics and the mean overall score of the
quality of life (P > 0.05).
Conclusion: In the present study, the quality of life of the mothers was not significantly different
from the quality of life of normal mothers. However, the healthcare team should pay more attention
regarding some dimensions of the quality of life. Eventually, similar studies are recommended to be
conducted due to the lack of sufficient evidence regarding this issue among the mothers of ADHD
children.

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