Epidemiological Study of the Brucellosis in Iran, Isfahan, 2010 - 2015

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Modeling in Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord. Iran.

2 School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background: Brucellosis is one of the most common infectious diseases in both humans and animals, although it has been controlled in developed countries but in developing countries, including Iran is still considered as a public health problem. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of human brucellosis in the Isfahan province.

Methods: The present study is a cross-sectional descriptive study investigating the descriptive epidemiology of human brucellosis in Isfahan province from 2010 to 2015. Sampling was done using Isfahan Disease Registration Portal and descriptive statistics were used for epidemiological study of the disease.

Results: Among 3,245 patients in this study, the mean (SD) age was 35.29 (18.00) years. The age group of 15-25 years with the frequency of 23.80% had the highest frequency of the disease. The annual incidence of the disease from 2010 to 2014 shows an increasing trend, reaching from 6.25 to 15 per hundred thousand people but in 2015 reduced and the amount it has reached 12.25 in the hundreds of thousands and most of the cases were due to July.
Conclusion: The trend of human brucellosis has been increasing over the years, so it is recommended to educate people on how to prevent it in humans and animals. The results of this study can help health administrators in the province to more effectively control disease at the provincial level by identifying high-risk cities and focusing on health care in these areas.

Keywords