Predictors of the health promoting lifestyle in a sample of Iranian midwives

Document Type: Original Article


1 Shahid Bahonar Blvd, Qazvin, Iran

2 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases,Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.

3 Student Research Committee, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

4 PhD Student in Clinical Psychology, Interpersonal Relationships & Development Laboratory, Centre for Research in Human Development, Department of Psychology, Concordia University, Montréal, QC


Background: Midwives experience a high level of stress and large workloads which has been shown to have adverse effects on well-being. Accordingly, the main goal of this study was to assess the predictors associated with a healthy lifestyle in a sample of midwives working in Hospitals and Health Centre of Qazvin, Iran.
Methods: A sample of 200 midwives was recruited using the convenience method sampling. Each participant completed a demographic questionnaire and the Farsi version of the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile Questionnaire and Perceived Social Support Questionnaire. A multivariate linear regression model was used to assess the predictors of Health Promoting Lifestyle (HPL).
Results: Spiritual growth (2.78±.53) and nutrition (2.79±.45) had the highest scores among HPL subscales. Conversely, participants had lowest score in physical activity (2.02±.64). Multivariate regression analyses showed that workplace (β = -.19, p=.03), involving in professional sport (β = .2, p =.01), and perception of an adequate social support network (β =.47, p


Main Subjects