Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 MSc of Epidemiology, Student Research Committee, Larestan University of Medical Sciences, Larestan, Iran

2 Student of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 BSc Student, Student Research Committee, Larestan University of Medical Sciences, Larestan, Iran

4 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Larestan University of Medical Sciences, Larestan, Iran

Abstract

Background: Self-medication, as the most common method of self-care, is one of the major problems in treatment in many countries in the world. The present study was designed to determine the prevalence of self-medication and identify the factors associated with casual medication use among students of Larestan University of Medical Sciences in Iran in 2020.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study conducted in 2020. The research environment was Larestan University of Medical Sciences and 147 students entered the study through convenience sampling. The data collection tool was a researcher-made self-treatment questionnaire. After collecting the data, they entered the SPSS statistical software version 25. Fisher, t-independent, and chi-square tests were used to measure the relationship between the variables. The significance level was also considered 5%.
Results: The prevalence of self-medication was 62.5%. The most common places to get medications were pharmacies and previous prescriptions. The most common illnesses treated with over-the-counter medications include colds, headaches, and digestive problems. The most important over-the-counter medications include painkillers, anti-colds, antibiotics, iron pills, calcium supplements, and antihistamines. A comparison of students' attitudes toward medication showed that attitudes "I feel my problem has been treated with over-the-counter medication" between the two groups had a significant difference (P

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