Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran”

2 Student Research Committee, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord , Iran

3 Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, IR Iran

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Painful menstruation is one of the most common disorders that women experience. Painful menstruation brings about psychological problems for women and adversely affects their performance. Therefore, providing, maintaining, and promoting the health of women is an important goal. The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between general health and painful menstruation in female students of Shahrekord University in 2018.
Materials and Methods: In the present descriptive-inferential study, 245 female students were selected by random cluster sampling method from Shahrekord University in 2018. Data were collected using the GHQ28, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), and a reliable and valid questionnaire designed by the researchers to measure menstruation pattern. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the chi-square test, and the independent samples t-test.
Findings: Mean menstruation onset age was 13.5 years. Painful menstruation was observed in 82.8% of the sampled students. Measured by the VAS scale, 22.3% of the participants had severe menstruation. Prevalence of painful menstruation in participants with a history of dsimonreh was greater and statistically correlated. There was a significant correlation between dysmenorrhea and total score on general health. Students who suffered from degrees of dysmenorrhea had a poorer general health.
Conclusion: Due to the importance of dsimenoreh and its high prevalence among female students, it is important to provide education and control on this disorder to improve the quality of life of women. It is also beneficial to create counseling centers to raise awareness on the psychological health of female students suffering from dysmenorrhea.

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