Editorial Epidemiology
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV): Hajj issue for Iran

Yoosef Aslani; Masoud Amiri; Hossein Ali Mehralian

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2015, Pages 110-112

  Every year, millions of Muslims from all over the world, are going to participate in the pilgrimage Hajj, located in Mecca in Saudi Arabia. There are two types of Hajj: Great Hajj and Umrah Hajj. Great pilgrimage or Hajj is obligatory for each Muslim once in entire his/her life and will occur only once ...  Read More

Original Article Nursing
The Effect of Dexamethasone on the incidence of laryngospasm in pediatric patients after Tonsillectomy

Molouk Jaafarpour; ali khani; Javaher khajavikhan

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2015, Pages 113-117

  Background and Aims: Laryngospasm and vomiting occurring after tracheal extubation in children is potentially dangerous. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of preoperative 0.5 mg/kg i.v. Dexamethasone on the incidence of postextubation laryngospasm, and vomiting in children after tonsillectomy. ...  Read More

Original Article Neurology
Prevention of diagnostic errors in position of conus medullaris in adult patients

Ayoob Rostamzadeh; Masoud Amiri; Mohammad Taghi Joghataei; Mohammad Farzizadeh; Daryoush Fatehi

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2015, Pages 118-125

  Background and aims: Finding the safe location of spinal cord for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) during surgical procedures is very important due to its various nature for each patient as well as its potential peripheral nervous system hazards. The aim of this study was to find the relationship between the ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
Seasonal Pattern in Occurrence and In-hospital fatality rate from Traffic Accidents in Isfahan, Iran

Mahdi Mohammadian; Reza Packzad; Hamid Salehiniya; Salman Khazaie; Shahrzad Nematollahi; Mahin 2 Ahmadi Pishkuhi2; Abdollah Mohammadian Hafshejani

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2015, Pages 126-133

  Background and aims: Although accident is the secondary cause of mortality in Iran, information on the occurrence and mortality are not wholly understood. The study aimed to explore seasonal occurrence and mortality pattern of traffic accidents in Isfahan population, Iran.Methods: This study was a cross-sectional. ...  Read More

Original Article Health Promotion
The factors influencing on knowledge, attitudes, and practices in women with breast cancer referring to health centers of Ilam in 2013

Safa Seidpour; Eskandar Gholamy- Parizad; Abdolhossein Poornajaf; Ashraf Direkvand-Moghadam; Ali Delpisheh

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2015, Pages 134-139

  Background and aims: The mortality rate for breast cancer is directly related to the stage of disease at diagnosis. The present study was aimed to determine the factors influencing on knowledge, attitudes, and practices in women with breast cancer and its screening methods.Methods: In a cross- sectional ...  Read More

Original Article Biotechnology
Optimization and Construction of Human Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 Gene related to human health

Hamidreza Iranpoor; Venus Vatankhah; Masoud Lotfizadeh

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2015, Pages 140-145

  Background and aims: Laron syndrome is a disease that treated by Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-1). This protein is a single chain and has three disulfide bonds. People with Laron syndrome have low rates of cancer and diabetes, although they appear to be at increased risk of casual death due to their ...  Read More

Original Article HIV/AIDS
Inequality in the global prevalence of HIV based on the human development index

Amin Doosti-Irani; Zahra Cheraghi; Safoora Doosti-Irani

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2015, Pages 146-151

  Background and aims: Burden of HIV and AIDS is considerably different among regions and countries around the world. The aim of this study was to assess the inequality in the prevalence of HIV, according to human development index worldwide. Methods: The desired outcome was prevalence of HIV, which was ...  Read More

Review article Infectious Disease
The Role of Interleukin (IL-22) in immune response to human diseases

Mehdi Agha Seyed Hosseini; Amir hossein Mansourabadi; Ali Shams; Nastaran Razavi; Mohammad Hassanzadeh

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2015, Pages 152-161

  Background and aims: IL-22 is an alpha- helical cytokine. IL-22 binds to a heterodimeric cell surface receptor composed of IL-10R2 and IL-22R1subunits. IL-22R is expressed on tissue cells, and it is absent on immune cells. L-22 and IL-10 receptor chains play a role in cellular targeting and signal transduction ...  Read More