Editorial Clinical
Medical imaging modalities: Prevention of unnecessary orders and non-optimized radiation exposure

Ayoob Rostamzadeh; Masoud Amiri; Mohammad Gharib Salehi; Hossein Masoumi

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November 2015, Pages 162-163

  Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses a constant magnetic field and radio waves, a non-invasive method for examining tissues, organs and the skeletal system. Advantages and disadvantages of MRI are not fully understood; however, it has been commonly used in the diagnosis of skeleton and bone diseases ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
Study on tobacco consumption patterns and its determinants in an urban slum in New Mumbai

Kanchan Mukherjee

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November 2015, Pages 164-171

  Background and aims: India has a high burden of tobacco usage and its related morbidity and mortality. Almost 30% of the above 15 years of age of the Indian population use some forms of tobacco. Men usually use smoked tobacco, while women more likely use smokeless (chewed) tobacco. Tobacco usage has ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
Predictive factors for loneliness in female high school students; an unvariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis

Parivash RahimPour; Ataollah Hashemian; Azadeh Direkvand-Moghadam; Ashraf Direkvand-Moghadam

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November 2015, Pages 172-177

  Background and aims: Loneliness typically includes anxious feelings. It is particularly relevant to adolescence period. It has effect on physical and mental health. The present study aimed to identify the predictive factors of loneliness among high schools female students.Methods: A cross– sectional ...  Read More

Original Article Women's Health
Health related quality of life in the female-headed households

Yousef Veisani; Ali Delpisheh; Kourosh Sayehmiri

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November 2015, Pages 178-183

  Background and aims: According to psychological research female-headed households have a lot of physical and mental problems because they experience stress and anxiety more than the other women in general population. The aim of this study was to determine the quality of life and the associated factors ...  Read More

Original Article Cancer Epidemiology
Trend of bladder cancer mortality in Iran (2006 to 2010)

Sepideh Mahdavi; Neda Amoori; Hamid Salehiniya; Zeinab Almasi; Mostafa Enayatrad

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November 2015, Pages 184-189

  Background and aims: Bladder cancer is the most common tumor of the urinary tract and the ninth cancer in terms of incidence in both sexes in the world. Bladder cancer is the second most common cancer among men in Iran. The most important risk factors which attribute to the incidence of bladder cancer ...  Read More

Original Article Infectious Disease
Analysis of feral cats role in dissemination of Toxoplasma gondii infection in rural area, Golestan province, North-East of Iran

Somayyeh Namroodi; Ehsan Shariat Bahadory

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November 2015, Pages 190-196

  Background and aims: Cats carry a lot of zoonotic parasites such as Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) which causes toxoplasmosis in warm-blooded animals. Toxoplasmosis includes wide range of symptoms in its intermediate and definitive hosts but the worst symptoms have been seen in pregnant women and also ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
Epidemiological survey and geographical distribution of cutaneous Leishmaniasis in North Khorasan province, 2006-2013

R Rajabzadeh; K Arzamani; HR Shoraka; H Riyhani; Seyed Hamid Hosseini

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November 2015, Pages 197-203

  Background and aims: Leishmaniasis is a widespread problem, especially in the tropical and subtropical countries. Since understanding the epidemiologic and geographical distribution of the diseases is necessary for prevention and controlling the Leishmaniasis. This study was conducted on epidemiological ...  Read More

Review article Epidemiology
Genetics and epidemiology of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Fereshteh Ahmadinejad; Mohammad-Amin Honardoost; Masoud Amiri; Mohammad-Saeid Jami

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November 2015, Pages 204-208

  Background and aims: Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus. After the primary onset of MERS in Saudi Arabia, in September 2015 cases began to increase. The number of laboratory-affirmed cases by MERS-CoV in the Middle East has been being increased ...  Read More

Review article Epidemiology
Poverty as a cause and consequence of Ill health

Kanchan Mukherjee

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November 2015, Pages 209-220

  Background and aims: Poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon that can be defined in both economic and social terms. The paper attempts to review the existing evidence to understand the relation between poverty and ill health in the context of the limited conceptual and operational definitions of these ...  Read More

Review article Biostatistics
The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy in Iran (1991-2015): A systematic review and meta-analysis

Kourosh Sayehmiri; Zahra Darvishi; Mohammad Reza Hafezi Ahmadi; Milad Azami

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November 2015, Pages 221-232

  Background and aims: The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in pregnant women is in Variable between 40-80% in developing countries. There are some differences among different studies on this disorder. So, this present study is been performed for evaluating the prevalence of IDA among pregnant ...  Read More

Review article Mycology
The role of T helper 9(Th9) against Infectious Diseases

Mehdi Agha Seyed Hosseini; Amir Hossein Mansourabadi; Ali Shams; Nastaran Razavi; Reza Daryabor; Mohammad Hasan Zadeh

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November 2015, Pages 233-238

  Background and aims: Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites .The Th9 subset develops in response to combined signals from TGF-b and IL-4 among a cacophony of other cytokines in an extracellular milieu. T helper 9 (Th9) cells,  as a novel ...  Read More

Letter to the editor Cancer Epidemiology
Epidemiology and trends in mortality from liver cancer in Iran

Sepideh Mahdavi; Neda Amoori; Hamid Salehiniya; Mostafa Enayatrad

Volume 2, Issue 4 , November 2015, Pages 239-240

  Liver cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and the third leading cause of death from cancer. Liver cancer is more prevalent in countries in East Asia, Southeast Asia and the western Central Africa.1 Liver cancer rates in North America and Western Europe, less than 10 cases per hundred thousand ...  Read More