Editorial Epidemiology
Environmental epidemiology: An introduction

Mohsen Arbabi; Masoud Amiri

Volume 3, Issue 1 , February 2016, Pages 1-2

Abstract
  Epidemiology is increasingly coping with problems correlated with exposures which may have small relative risks. In fact, many chronic diseases, as the most recent common diseases all over the world, may have unknown etiology but also potentially related to environmental exposures. Environmental epidemiology ...  Read More

Original Article Infectious Disease
Evaluation of serum concentration of AFP marker in toxoplasmosis pregnant women with high level of IgG and IgM toxoplasma antibody by ELISA assay in a population of Tehran, Iran

Javid Sadraie; Ehsan Shariat Bahadory; Sekhavat Ghaffari Novin

Volume 3, Issue 1 , February 2016, Pages 3-11

Abstract
  Background and aims: Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease which may cause some laboratory symptoms in infected individuals. One of the main ways of transmition this organism is placenta to fetus pathway. If this transmission occurs in the 3th month of pregnancy, the abortion, central nerve system and ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical
Incidence of pressure ulcer in patients who were admitted to open heart cardiac surgery intensive care unit

Mostafa Shokati Ahmadabad; Hossein Rafiei; Mahmoud Alipoor Heydari; Mohammad Bokharaei; Masoud Amiri

Volume 3, Issue 1 , February 2016, Pages 12-18

Abstract
  Background and aims: Cardiac surgery patients are at high risk of pressure ulcers. In the present study, we determined the incidence of pressure ulcer in patients who were admitted to open heart cardiac surgery intensive care unit and related risk factors.Methods: With using convenience sampling all ...  Read More

Original Article
Prevalence of malnutrition during pregnancy and associated factors in women of Ardal County in 2012-2013

Soghra Abasizadeh; Zeinab Hemati; Fatemeh Deres

Volume 3, Issue 1 , February 2016, Pages 19-25

Abstract
  Background and aims: Normal pregnancy and its successful outcome require intake of sufficient food. Undesirable nutrition is directly associated with pregnancy outcome, therefore, its prevention is the best strategy to maintain maternal and fetal health. The present study was conducted to investigate ...  Read More

Original Article Nursing
Nursing errors and effect on health care: Perception of risk factors from view of nurse in Qazvin

Reza Zeighami; Mostafa Shokati Ahmadabad; Aref Mohammadian; Mahmoud Alipoor Heydari; Hossein Rafiei

Volume 3, Issue 1 , February 2016, Pages 26-32

Abstract
  Background and aims: In order to plan for preventing and decreasing the rate of nursing errors, understanding of nurse’s perception of nursing errors could be very helpful. This study was thus designed to examine the critical care nurses perception of nursing errors from view point of critical ...  Read More

Original Article Health Promotion
Predictors of Life Skills Level of Students in Zahedan University of Medical Sciences in Southeast of Iran

Hossein Ansari; Mahmood Khorram; Ali Soleimaninejad; Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam

Volume 3, Issue 1 , February 2016, Pages 33-41

Abstract
  Background and aims: Life skills involve a big class of socio-psychological and interpersonal skills which help a person to take conscious decisions, communicate effectively and improve self-management skills. Preparing a plan for all the above mentioned programs, need awareness about life skills level ...  Read More

Original Article Neurology
Suggesting a new alternative method of measuring mental disorders without the use of Paper-Pencil tests based on EEG

Babak Mohammadzadeh; Mehdi Khodabandelu; Masoud Lotfizadeh

Volume 3, Issue 1 , February 2016, Pages 42-52

Abstract
  Background and aims: Paper-pencil tests have always its own problems in the mental disorders evaluation, including learning questions, bad or good blazon are the problems with this methodology. This study aimed to propose a new alternative method of measuring mental disorders without paper-pencil test ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
The Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders and its Predictors among Iranians’ Housewives

Babak Fazli; Hossein Ansari; Marzieh Noorani; Sayed Mohammad Jafari; Zahra Sharifpoor; Samira Ansari

Volume 3, Issue 1 , February 2016, Pages 53-62

Abstract
  ackground and aims: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are common among housewives. Therefore, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence of MSDs and its predictors among a group of Iranian housewives. Methods: This cross-sectional study carried out on 600 Iranian housewives in 2014 that were selected ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
Prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in elementary school students in Hamadan

Mohammad Reza Mostafaee; Mostafa Shokati; Ramin Sarchami; Hossein Rafiei

Volume 3, Issue 1 , February 2016, Pages 63-68

Abstract
  Background and aims: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most prevalent disorder in children. Due to the importance of the disorder in children and its complications, this study aimed to assess the relation of the disorder with demographic factors in students of schools located in ...  Read More

Review article Immunology
The role of vitamin D3 and vitamin B9 (Folic acid) in immune system

Reza Mansouri; Maryam Moogooei; Mozhgan Moogooei; Nastaran Razavi; Amir Hossein Mansourabadi

Volume 3, Issue 1 , February 2016, Pages 69-85

Abstract
  Background and aims: Vitamins are essential constituents of our diet that Longley have been known to influence the immune system. Vitamin D3 and B9 have received particular attention in recent years as these vitamins have been shown to have an unexpected and crucial effect on the immune response. 1, ...  Read More

Review article Epidemiology
Scabies contamination status in Iran: A review

hamid reza seyedi arani; Rouhullah Dehghani; Mohammad Ghannaee Arani; Iran Zarghi

Volume 3, Issue 1 , February 2016, Pages 86-94

Abstract
  Background and aims: Scabies is a common worldwide parasitic contagious disease caused by Sarcoptes scabiei of the order of Astigmata of the family of Sarcoptidae. Therefore, this review is to determine the exact status of scabies in Iran in order to manage it better.Methods: On the whole, out of the ...  Read More

Brief Communication Epidemiology
Diabetes in India: Perspectives on Awareness and Care

Kanchan Mukherjee

Volume 3, Issue 1 , February 2016, Pages 95-97

Abstract
  Background and aims: Diabetes is a major killing recognized as a silent epidemic globally problem. India has the highest number of diabetes cases in the world causing huge morbidity and economic losses to the country. There were 66.8 million adults suffering from with diabetes in India in 2014, which ...  Read More