Original Article Genetic Epidemiology
Descriptive molecular epidemiology study of Giardia duodenalis in children of Parana State, Brazil

Hugo Leonardo Pereira Matsuchita; Amanda de Faveri Pitz; Francine Nesello Melanda; Regina Mitsuka Bregano; Francisco Jose Abreu de Oliveira; Fabiana Maria Ruiz Lopes Mori; Maria Claudia Noronha Dutra de Menezes; Idessania Nazareth Costa; Wander Rogerio Pavanelli; Monica Lucia Gomes; Cristiane Maria Colli; Emerson Jose Venancio; Ivete Conchon-Costa

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, Pages 1-9

Abstract
  Background and aims: We investigated the children of Parana State, Brazil the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis and the associated factors involved in the transmission of intestinal parasites, and we genotyped the Giardia duodenalis isolates obtained. Methods: Fecal samples were analyzed by established ...  Read More

Original Article Immunology
Epidemiological studies of hepatitis B: Preliminary report on adjuvant potential of Calotropis gigantea and Ficus religiosa against hepatitis B vaccine containing surface antigen

Amit Gupta; Sushama Chaphalkar

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, Pages 10-17

Abstract
  Background and aims: The frequency of chronic hepatitis B virus infection varies totally in different part of the world but it could be categorized as high, intermediate and low endimicity. In this regard, development of safe and effective vaccines against infectious diseases especially hepatitis B virus ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
Epidemiology of injuries in children under five years old in Qazvin, Iran

Kazem Hosseinzadeh; Raheleh Sadegh

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, Pages 18-23

Abstract
  Background and aims: In Iran, according to the available data on health statistics, injuries are the as the common cause of death in different age groups after chronic heart diseases. The aim of this study was to present detailed information on eight common injuries. Methods: This study is an analysis ...  Read More

Original Article Environmental Health
Studying the environmental health status of beauty salons of Kashan

Rouhullah Dehghani; Leila Mesgari; Mohsen Fathi Moghadam; Fereshteh Rezaian; Fereshteh Nasudian; Elham Sudayfian; Mojtaba Babai; Elahe Chimehi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, Pages 24-30

Abstract
  Background and aims: Beauty salons are considered as the places which the environmental health and renovation are adhered too. they can improve the society’s health and influence controlling the diseases. Not considering this issue causes the spread of skin and hair diseases and infections and ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
The prevalence and risk factors of mental disorders among students in Ilam: A cross-sectional study

Amir Mehrdadi; Shahnaz Sadeghian; Ashraf Direkvand-Moghadam; Aatollah Hashemian

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, Pages 31-36

Abstract
  Background and aims: Students experience some degrees of mental disorders during their life. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors of mental disorders among the secondary school students in Ilam, Iran. Methods: This is a cross sectional study, carried ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
Alteration in incidence and pattern of congenital anomalies among newborns during one decade in Azarshahr, Northwest of Iran

Leila Rostamizadeh; Sayed Rafi Bahavarnia; Roya Gholami

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, Pages 37-43

Abstract
  Background and aims: Congenital anomalies are as the major causes of stillbirths, neonatal death, disability and childhood health problems all over the world. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and pattern of congenital anomalies in newborn during the first 24 hours of life in Shahid-Madani ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
Decomposition of potential gains in life expectancy by elimination of unintentional accidents in Iran

Mohammad Sasanipour; Saeedeh Shahbazin

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, Pages 44-52

Abstract
  Background and aims: Recent studies on mortality in Iran, in recent years clearly emphasize that unintentional injuries are the main cause of reducing Iranian life expectancy in Iran. This article aimed to assess the role of major causes of death for mortality patterns in the country by sex in 2010. ...  Read More

Original Article Nursing
Orlando’s nursing process application on anxiety levels of patients undergoing endoscopy examination

Leili Yekefallah; Tahereh Ashktorab; Azam Ghorbani; Marzieh Pazokian; Jalil Azimian; Rasool Samimi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, Pages 53-60

Abstract
  Background and aims: Anxiety is a common reaction when people encounter new problems where they do not know what expect. The nurses are responsible for assessing the patient and helping them with the procedure of endoscopy. This study investigates differences in anxiety level of patients who receive ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
Epidemiological study of colon cancer in educational hospitals of Birjand University of Medical Sciences (2006-2011)

Azam Sabahi; Leila Ahmadian; Fatemeh Salehi; Sayed Mahmoud Mirzaee

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, Pages 61-68

Abstract
  Background and aims: Among all cancers, colon cancer is common and deadly, yet preventable. The estimated worldwide incidence of colon cancer is more than one million new cases per year. This study was done to identify the epidemiological features and risk factors of colon cancer in different regions ...  Read More

Original Article Health Promotion
Evaluating visit quality in plan of health sector evolution in Iran: A local survey from Tabriz

Ali Janati; Edris Hasanpoor; Farzaneh Aslani; Elaneh HaghGoshayie; Ebrahim Hassanzadeh

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, Pages 69-77

Abstract
  Background and aims: Quality of visit services is a decisive aspect of patient-physician communication that its inadequacy can negatively influence the diagnosis efficiency. The aim of this study was to survey visit quality at provincial level during plan of health sector evolution in Tabriz. Methods: ...  Read More

Review article Neurology
Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease: Genetics, epidemiology and complications

Masoumeh Pourhadi; Fereshteh Ahmadinejad; Reza Maghsoudi; Mohammad-Saeid Jami

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, Pages 78-83

Abstract
  Background and aims: Charcot Marie Tooth disease (CMT) is the most prevalent hereditary neuropathy and its frequency is 1 in 2500. CMT is a heterogeneous disease and has different clinical symptoms. The prevalence of CMT and involved genes differ in different countries. CMT patients experience considerable ...  Read More

Review article Pharmacology
Combination therapy with everolimus and tacrolimus in kidney transplantation recipients: A systematic review

Morteza Arab Zozani; Mitra Mahdavi-Mazdeh; Sayed Alireza Hosseini; Reza Majdzadeh; Ali Akbari Sari

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2017, Pages 84-90

Abstract
  Background and aims: Immunosuppressive regimens are a key component for successful kidney transplantation. This systematic review aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of combination therapy of everolimus with tacrolimus in kidney transplantation recipients. Methods: Results were limited to English-language ...  Read More