Editorial
What is the Best Index for Unemployment?

Habib-allah Shahriyari; Masoud Amiri; Zahra Shahriyari; Fatemeh Farzin

Volume 5, Issue 1 , February 2018, Pages 1-2

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.01

Abstract
  A regular activity in all human societies is the evaluation and control of important socioeconomicindices. Unemployment rate is one of these indices, which is very important in evaluating andapplying policies for control or preparation of desired changes in economy; in fact, it is a challengefor policy ...  Read More

Original Article
Situational Analysis on Voluntary Counseling and Confidential Testing in HIV/AIDS Patients Referred to Behavioral Center in lmam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran, Iran

Mahbobeh Hajabdolbaghi; Maryam Ghafarzadeh; Zahra Bayat Jozani; Minoo Mohraz; Molood Farrokhi; Maryam Foroughi; Mona Mohammadi Firouzeh

Volume 5, Issue 1 , February 2018, Pages 3-8

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.02

Abstract
  Background and aims: Behavioral counseling centers are the main health organizations whichare responsible for providing treatment and care for the patients living with HIV (PLWH). HIVpositivepatients receive services through a unique counseling process called voluntary counselingand confidential testing ...  Read More

Original Article
Guillain-Barre Syndrome: A Retrospective Study of Clinical and Epidemiological Features in Kurdistan, West of Iran, From 2005 To 2014

Payam Khomand; Sajjad Abdolmalaki; Ebrahim Ghaderi; Sahar Khoshravesh

Volume 5, Issue 1 , February 2018, Pages 9-13

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.03

Abstract
  Background and aims: The most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis of all ages is Guillain-Barresyndrome (GBS). Further understanding of this disease is important because of its life-threateningnature in life. The aim of this study was to conduct a 10-year survey on epidemiological and clinicalfeatures ...  Read More

Original Article
Dimensions of Futility at the End of Life: Nurses’ Experiences in Intensive Care Units

Leili Yekefallah; Tahereh Ashktorab; Hooman Manoochehri; Hamid Alavi Majd

Volume 5, Issue 1 , February 2018, Pages 14-18

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.04

Abstract
  Background and aims: The concept and meaning of futile care depends on the existing culture, values,religion, beliefs, medical achievements, and emotional status of a country. In Iran, futile care hasbecome a challenge for nurses working in intensive care units (ICUs). Considering the differencesobserved ...  Read More

Original Article
Knowledge of Adults’ Reading Oral Cancer in South-East of Iran

Sara Amanpour; Maryam Raoof; Shahla Kakoei; Sorena Fardisi; Azadeh Iranmanesh; Molouk Torabi Parizi

Volume 5, Issue 1 , February 2018, Pages 19-23

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.05

Abstract
  Background and aims: Squamous cell carcinoma is one of the most common cancers in the oralcavity. The aim of this study was to assess the rate of awareness of people referring to medical clinicsin Kerman because of the oral cancer and its risk factors from 2015 to 2016.Methods: This cross-sectional study ...  Read More

Electrochemiluminesence Epidemiologic Detection of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Pregnant Women With Direct and Indirect Diagnostic Techniques (ELISA Avidity Plus Biochemical Assay)

Ehsan Shariat Bahadory; Ali dalir Ghaffari; Somayyeh Namroodi; Seyyedeh Somayyeh Mosavipour; Javid Sadraei

Volume 5, Issue 1 , February 2018, Pages 24-29

Abstract
  Background and aims: Toxoplasmosis is a very common disease in the world. Two types of acquired toxoplasmosis have been detected. In the chronic toxoplasmosis, the abnormality of tissue function is little but, in acute toxoplasmosis, function of RES system becomes interrupted. The assessment of toxoplasma ...  Read More

Review article
Multiple Sclerosis in Iran

Reza Sahebi; Masoud Amiri; Mohammad-Saeid Jami

Volume 5, Issue 1 , February 2018, Pages 30-33

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.07

Abstract
  Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated disease of the central nervous system (CNS). This highly disabling disorder is characterized by a variable clinical course. MS is a heterogeneous disease with a complex pathology and significant social and economic impact. MS is associated with dysfunction ...  Read More

Review article
The Effect of Attitude and Prayer-Related Behaviors on Depression: A Systematic Review

Zeenat Mahmodi; Kourosh Sayehmiri

Volume 5, Issue 1 , February 2018, Pages 34-39

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.08

Abstract
  Background and aims: Prayer means reading and asking for help and satisfying the need. The prevalence of mental diseases has had an increasing trend in Iran. The aim of this study was to know the role of attitudes and praying-related behaviors in the treatment of patients with depression in Iran. Methods: ...  Read More