Original Article Biochemistry
Electrochemiluminescence Epidemiologic Detection of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Pregnant Women With Direct and Indirect Diagnostic Techniques (ELISA Avidity Plus Biochemical Assay), Tehran, Iran

Ehsan Shariat; Ali Dalir Ghaffari; Somayyeh Mosavipoor; Somayyeh Namroodi; Javid Sadraie

Volume 6, Issue 2 , May 2019, Pages 49-54


  Background and aims: Toxoplasmosis is a very common disease in the world and has two types,including chronic and acute toxoplasmosis. In the chronic toxoplasmosis, the abnormality of tissuefunction is negligible, but in acute toxoplasmosis, the function of the reticuloendothelial system isinterrupted ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Urinary Tract Infection among Pregnant Women in Shahrekord, Iran

Mehri Rejali; Seyede Soghra Ahmadi

Volume 6, Issue 2 , May 2019, Pages 55-59


  Background and aims: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI)among the pregnant women and the risk factors related to it in Shahrekord, Iran.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 832 patients were examined during 26 to 30 weeks of pregnancyand their UTIs were studied. ...  Read More

Original Article Nutrition
Evaluation of Salt, Sodium, and Potassium Intake Through Bread Consumption in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province

Fathollah Aalipour Hafshajani; Farangis Mahdavi Hafshajani; Mohammad Aalipour Hafshajani

Volume 6, Issue 2 , May 2019, Pages 60-64


  Background and aims: Bread is considered as one of the important sources of sodium in the Iranian dietand salt is the main source of sodium, which is used to produce bread. The assessment of dietary intake isa reliable method that shows nutritional problems in the community. Therefore, the purpose of ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
The Prevalence of Occupational Risk Factors and Occupational Diseases in Kerman, Iran

Maysam Rezapour; Zahra Khorrami; Raheleh Tabe; Narges Khanjani

Volume 6, Issue 2 , May 2019, Pages 65-69


  Background and aims: Many workers face significant hazardous workplace exposures, especially indeveloping countries. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of occupational riskfactors and common occupational diseases in Kerman.Methods: This study was based on data from occupational ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
Epidemiology and Estimating the Risk Factors for the Transfer of Hepatitis B Virus Using Multivariate Analysis Model: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Mansour Bahardoust; Marjan Mokhtare; Arash Sarveazad; Shahdieh Karimi; Atefeh Talebi; Arezoo Chaharmahali; Shahram Agah

Volume 6, Issue 2 , May 2019, Pages 70-75


  Background and aims: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the important public health diseases in Iran.Therefore, to control the prevalence of the disease, knowledge is required regarding the risk factor ofHBV. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to determine the risk factors of HB transmission.Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article Social Epidemiology
Race, Education Attainment, and Happiness in the United States

Shervin Assari

Volume 6, Issue 2 , May 2019, Pages 76-82


  Background and aims: As suggests by the Minorities’ Diminished Returns (MDR) theory, educationattainment and other socioeconomic status (SES) indicators have a smaller impact on the health andwell-being of non-White than White Americans. To test whether MDR also applies to happiness, in thepresent ...  Read More

Review article Nursing
An Inquiry into the Patient Safety Management Patterns: A Review Study

Seyed Jalil Hosseinin Irani; Leila Riahi; Ali Komeili; Reza Masoudi

Volume 6, Issue 2 , May 2019, Pages 83-90


  Background and aims: Patient safety, as one of the main components of the health care quality, impliesavoiding any injury and damage to the patient when providing health care services. In other words,patient safety means his or her safety against any adverse and harmful event when receiving health careservices. ...  Read More

Letter to the editor Epidemiology
The Relationship between Caesarean and Neonatal Hypothyroidism in Chadegan City

Moslem Taheri

Volume 6, Issue 2 , May 2019, Pages 91-91


  I have read with great interest the article titled “The Relationship between Caesarean and Neonatal Hypothyroidism in Chadegan City” by Naderi et al. It is an interesting subject, however with best regards and thanks to the authors, I have highlighted the following few points:   First ...  Read More