Original Article
1. The Relationship Between Serum Vitamin D Level and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Activity

Batool Zamani; Hossein Akbari; Mehrdad Mahdian; Ehsan Dadgostar

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 1-5

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.01

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and aims: : Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease which involvesvarious organs. Vitamin D is an essential ingredient in regulating the immune system. This study aimedto investigate the relationship between vitamin D and the severity of lupus activity.Materials ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Educational Attainment and Tobacco Harm Knowledge Among American Adults: Diminished Returns of African Americans and Hispanics

Shervin Assari; Mohsen Bazargan

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 6-11

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.02

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and aims: Minorities’ Diminished Returns (MDRs) refer to the smaller effects ofeducational attainment for ethnic minorities compared to the majority group. As a result of MDRs,research has documented more than expected tobacco use among Hispanics and African Americans(AAs) with ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Modeling the Number of Attacks in Multiple Sclerosis Patients Using Zero-Inflated Negative Binomial Model

Marjan Jamalian; Vahid Shaygannejad; Morteza Sedehi; Soleiman Kheiri

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 12-17

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.03

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and aims: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system.The impact of the number of attacks on the disease is undeniable. The aim of this study was to analyze thenumber of attacks in these patients.Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, the ...  Read More

Original Article Women's Health
4. Predictors of Health Promoting Lifestyle Among Midwives Employed in Hospitals and Health Centres of Qazvin, Iran

Zainab Alimoardi; Narges Shirazi Haji Miriha; Lisa Astrologo; Nasim Bahrami

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 18-24

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.04

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and aims: Midwives experience a high level of stress due to heavy workloads, which hasbeen shown to have adverse effects on well-being. Accordingly, the main goal of this study was toassess the predictors associated with a healthy lifestyle in a sample of midwives working in hospitalsand ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
5. Investigation of the Predictors of Self-rated Health of Economically Disadvantaged African American Men and Women: Evidence for Sponge Hypothesis

Sharon Cobb; Shervin Assari

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 25-34

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.05

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and aims: According to the sponge hypothesis, compared to men’s self-rated health (SRH),women’s SRH is more likely to reflect conditions other than chronic medical conditions (CMCs) suchas psychiatric disorders (PDs). As a result, poor SRH is a weaker predictive factor ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
6. Study of Factors Influencing Drug Use Among Commercial Drivers in Suburban Public Transport

Elaheh Ainy; Hamid Soori; Roghayeh Paydar

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 35-39

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.06

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and aims: This study was conducted to determine the economic, social, and culturalfactors influencing the consumption of drugs by drivers of public vehicles in 2013.Materials and Methods: The capture-recapture method was employed to determine drug use, its type,and the time of consumption ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical
7. Investigation of the Necessity of Urodynamic Test in Patients with Urinary Stress Incontinence for TOT Surgery

Tahereh Poordast; Elham Askary; Fatemeh Sadat Najib; Shaghayegh Moradialamdarloo; Najmeh Naghizadeh

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 40-43

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.07

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and aims: Stress urinary incontinence is one of the most common diseases which canreduce the quality of life in women. Urodynamic test is a common method of diagnosis of this disease.This study is designed for investigating the necessity of urodynamic test in patients with urinary ...  Read More

Review article
8. The Effect of Fennel on Pain Relief in Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Systematic Review of Clinical Trials

Mojgan Nazari; Masoumeh Rostami-Moez; Fatemeh Ebrahimi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 44-48

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.08

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and aims: Fennel is often advocated for primary dysmenorrhea. Whether this herb has areal effect on pain relief is still a matter of debate in medicine. Therefore, this study was conducted toevaluate the effect of fennel on primary dysmenorrhea.Methods: This systematic review was conducted ...  Read More