Letter to the editor Immunology
1. 2019 Novel Coronavirus: Emphasis on Maintaining Optimal Levels of Physical Activity Under Self-quarantine Conditions

Majid Mardaniyan Ghahfarrokhi; Ebrahim Banitalebi; Mohammad Faramarzi; Mansooreh Ghorbanpoor Dashtaki; Conrad P. Earnest

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 49-51

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.09

Abstract
     Dear Editor, The prevalence of coronavirus disease 2019 in China and subsequently in most countries of the world has become the most important health problem and has declared a state of emergency in many countries. According to the WHO (April 10, 2020), positive cases have been observed ...  Read More

Letter to the editor Social Epidemiology
2. Using Ineffective Coping Strategies for Facing With COVID-19

Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan; Hamed Delam

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 52-52

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.10

Abstract
     Dear Editor, Methods that people use to overcome problems are called coping strategies. The concept of coping was first introduced by Lazarus in 1966. He believed that stress involves three stages. First, there is the initial assessment, which is to observe a risk. The second stage involves ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical
3. Epidemiological Characteristics and Causes of End-stage Renal Disease in Hemodialysis Patients

Mehdi Khazaei; Zainab Eslami Hasan Abadi; Mohammad Keshvari Delavar; Morteza Shamsizadeh

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 53-57

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.11

Abstract
  Background and aims: Hemodialysis (HD) is considered as the main method of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients in many countries including Iran. Given the limited number of epidemiological studies in this regard at the provincial level across the country, the ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
4. Investigation of the prevalence of Head Lice and Factors Affecting Them in Infected People Referring to Gerash County Health Center

Elham Rezaee; Fatemeh Heidari; Mohammad Nowrouzi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 58-62

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.12

Abstract
  Background and aims: Pediculosis is one of the most common parasitic diseases that affect a wide range of age groups. The prevention of head lice infections promotes the physical and mental health of people in the community. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of head lice ...  Read More

Original Article Cancer Epidemiology
5. The Epidemiology of Lung Cancer in Lebanon During 2014

Rida Salman; Khairallah Amhaz; Ali Hellani; Loubna Tayara; Batoul Mourda

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 63-67

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.13

Abstract
  Background and aims: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. There are no recent data on the lung cancer prevalence in Lebanon, and the available data are based on prediction. Thus, this study aimed to determine the incidence rate of lung cancer during 2014, among patients who were ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
6. Epidemiological Survey on Traffic Accident Mortality Referred to the Forensic Medical Center of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province During 2005-2016

Mahmoud Mobasheri; Soleiman Kheiri; Seifollah Bakhshi; Yadollah Ramezani; Mansour Firouzbakht

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 68-73

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.14

Abstract
   Background and aims: The World Health Organization has listed Iran as the country with the highest number of driving accidents worldwide. Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari is among the top ten provinces in Iran. The aim of this study was to carry out an epidemiological survey on driving accidents resulting ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
7. Vertical Distribution, Biodiversity, and Some Selective Aspects of the Physicochemical Characteristics of the Larval Habitats of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Iran

Seyed-Mohammad Omrani; Shahyad Azari-Hamidian

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 74-91

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.15

Abstract
     Background and aims: Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) are still a focus of research because of their role in the transmission of diseases and annoying biting behavior. Source reduction is an effective measure to control mosquito populations, which is based on good knowledge of larval habitats. ...  Read More

Original Article Virology
8. Seroprevalence of Cytomegalovirus Antibodies by Electrochemiluminescence Method in Young Women Referred to the Clinical Laboratory, Sanandaj, Iran

Mazaher Khodabandehloo; Pezhman Sharifi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 92-98

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.16

Abstract
     Background and aims: Maternal primary and recurrent infection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) may be transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy and may have complications such as death or growth, along with the development retardation of the fetus and infant. The aim of this study was to determine ...  Read More