Letter to the editor Epidemiology
1. Effect of Age at Menarche on Obesity Epidemic

Saleh Jafarian

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, Pages 99-100

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.17

Abstract
     Menarche is a sign of puberty and the beginning of ovarian and other endocrine functions relating to reproduction. It is an important event demonstrating the end of childhood and the start of reproductive years for each woman that is preceded by the complex process of some hormonal changes ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
2. Time Series Analysis of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Sabzevar Northeastern Iran Using Segmented Regression Model

Hadis Barati; Erfan Ayubi; Sohrab Iranpour; Mohammad Barati; Ahmad Allah-Abadi; Seyed Saeed Hashemi- Nazari

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, Pages 101-106

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.18

Abstract
     Background and aims: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is one of the most important parasitic diseases in the world. Sabzevar city is endemic area for CL in the north east of Iran. The aim of this study was to evaluate the time distribution of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Sabzevar County using ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical
3. Differential Association Between Actual and Perceived Obesity Between African Americans and Whites in the United States

Shervin Assari

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, Pages 107-114

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.19

Abstract
     Background and aims: Although actual and perceived obesity are associated, some research has shown that this association may differ across racial and ethnic groups. Accordingly, this cross-sectional study tested racial differences regarding the association between actual and perceived obesity ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
4. Profile of Injection Drug Users in Kermanshah, Iran

Hamid Gheibipour; Soheila Khodakarim; Asaad Sharhani; Koorosh Etemad; Abolghasem Shokri

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, Pages 115-119

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.20

Abstract
    Background and aims: Injection drug use is considered as an international public health threat that can lead to serious health-related outcomes. The aim of this study was to obtain a profile of injection drug users (IDUs) in Kermanshah, Iran, in 2017. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
5. Ten-Year Trends of the Incidence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the South of Fars Province, Iran, During 2007-2016

Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan; Nasrin Shokrpour; Hamed Delam

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, Pages 120-124

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.21

Abstract
     Background and aims: Leishmaniasis is one of the most overlooked diseases in tropical areas, which can lead to many deaths and illnesses. The present study was designed to determine the trend of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the south of Fars Province (south of Iran) during 2007-2016. Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
6. Performance of the Quantitative Latex Immunoturbidimetric D-dimer Assay for the Diagnosis of Acute Pulmonary Embolism at Rafik Hariri University Hospital

Rida Salman; Mira Alsheikh; Rim Ismail

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, Pages 125-128

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.22

Abstract
     Background and aims: The diagnostic workup for pulmonary embolism (PE) includes D-dimer assay and computed tomographic angiography. Several D-dimer assays have been approved for PE diagnosis with different sensitivity and specificity. We aimed to study the sensitivity and specificity of ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical
7. Effects of Pomegranate Peel Extract and Vitamin E on Quality of Life in Hemodialysis Patients: A Randomized Placebo- Controlled Clinical Trial

Tina Jafari; Leila Mahmoodnia; Mohsen Saeedi

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, Pages 129-135

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.23

Abstract
     Background and aims: Quality of life (QOL) is poor in hemodialysis (HD) patients. High oxidative stress and inflammatory conditions disturb their normal physiological, emotional, and physical functions. This study aimed to assess the effects of pomegranate peel extract (PPE) alone and in ...  Read More

Original Article Epidemiology
8. Social Epidemiology of Perceived Discrimination in the United States: Role of Race, Educational Attainment, and Income

Shervin Assari

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, Pages 136-141

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.24

Abstract
     Background and aims: This study aimed to compare non-Hispanic Black (NHB) and non-Hispanic White (NHW) American adults for the associations of educational attainment and household income with perceived racial discrimination. Methods: The 2010 National Alcohol Survey (NAS N12), a nationally ...  Read More