Please see the ethical issues provided in the link below
Every experimental or clinical study may raise controversial ethical issues (e.g., Institutional Ethical Approval for working with animal or human subjects). Thus, International Journal of Epidemiologic Research (IJER) expects all authors, reviewers, and editors to consider COPE, ICMJE, and Equator Network’s reporting guidelines in medical ethics plus scientific writing. If any, authors should state related declaration(s), otherwise the following sentence should be given: “None to be declared". Please see the review process in IJER.
The cover letter must include a statement declaring that the study complies with current ethical considerations.
Ethical issues (including plagiarism, misconduct, data fabrication, falsification, duplicate or redundant publication) must be completely considered by the authors.
Authors reporting experimental studies on human subjects must include a statement of assurance in the “Materials and Methods” of the manuscript, reading that: (1) informed consent was obtained from each patient enrolled in the study, and (2) the study protocol conforms to the ethical guidelines of the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki as reflected in a priori approval by the institution's human research committee. In studies involving animal experimentation, provide assurance that all animals received humane care according to the criteria outlined in the "Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals" prepared by the National Academy of Sciences and published by the National Institutes of Health (NIH publication 86-23 revised 1985).
Every experimental or clinical work may raise controversial ethical issues (e.g., institutional ethical approval for working with animal or human subjects).
Encouraging ethical research (e.g. research involving humans or animals)
Editors should endeavor to ensure that research they publish was carried out according to the relevant internationally Declaration of Helsinki for clinical research, and the AERA and BERA guidelines for educational research.
Editors should seek assurances that all research has been approved by an appropriate body (e.g. research ethics committee, institutional review board) where one exists. However, editors should recognize that such approval does not guarantee that the research is ethical.
Best practice for editors would include:
- being prepared to request evidence of ethical research approval and to question authors about ethical aspects (such as how research participant consent was obtained or what methods were employed to minimize animal suffering) if concerns are raised or clarifications are needed
- ensuring that reports of clinical trials cite compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki, Good Clinical Practice.
- appointing a journal ethics advisor or panel to advise on specific cases and review journal policies periodically
The institutional ethics code (for all types of studies) or IRCT (Iranian Registry Clinical Trial), if applicable, should be written in the “Materials and Methods” section.
Authors reporting experimental studies on human subjects must include a statement of assurance in the “Materials and Methods” section of the manuscript, reading that the project was done with consideration of ethical issues along with obtaining license from the ethics committee of local university/research/institute center and the written consent of participants. Also, it should be mentioned that the study has been done in compliance with the ethical standards of human experimentation and in accordance to the Helsinki Declaration (www.cirp.org/library/ethics/helsinki).
Authors reporting experimental studies on animal subjects must include a statement of assurance in the “Materials and Methods” section of the manuscript reading that, the project was done with consideration of ethical issues and obtaining license from the ethics committee of local institute. Besides, it should be mentioned that the general care of the experimental animals used for this study was done in compliance with the Animal Welfare Act (http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=5140&page=114).
In the case of research on human subjects, informed consent and other ethical considerations should be mentioned in the "Materials and Methods" section of the manuscript. The authors should include a statement that informed consent was obtained for any experimentation with human subjects. As JHP follows ICMJE, please consider their guideline for more information. In cases where a study involves the use of live animals or human subjects, the authors should also include a statement that all experiments were performed in compliance with the relevant laws and institutional guidelines, and also mention the institutional committee(s) that has/have approved the experiments. For more information, please see the templates of the WHO as follows: