Nucleus Accumbens Fractional Anisotropy and Children’s Body Mass Index: Moderating Role of Race and Family Income

Shervin Assari

Volume 9, Issue 2 , May 2022, , Pages 54-60

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2022.10

Abstract
  Background and aims: The nucleus accumbens (NAcc) functional and morphometric features may influence children’s body mass index (BMI). Recent evidence, however, suggests that the function and structure of the NAcc may have different predictive abilities for the BMI for the sub-groups of children ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Association Between Parental Educational Attainment and Children’s Negative Urgency: Sex Differences

Shervin Assari

Volume 8, Issue 1 , February 2021, , Pages 14-22

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.04

Abstract
  Background and aims: Negative urgency reflects a specific facet of impulsivity and correlates with a wide range of health-related risk behaviors, including, but not limited to, problematic substance use. Negative urgency is also shaped by family socioeconomic position (SEP), such as parental educational ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Parental Education and Children’s Sleep Problems: Minorities’ Diminished Returns

Shervin Assari

Volume 8, Issue 1 , February 2021, , Pages 31-39

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2021.06

Abstract
  Background and aims: While increased parental education reduces children’s sleep problems, less is known about racial variation in such protection. According to Minorities’ Diminished Returns (MDRs) theory, economic resources such as parental education show weaker health effects for minority ...  Read More

Clinical
Differential Association Between Actual and Perceived Obesity Between African Americans and Whites in the United States

Shervin Assari

Volume 7, Issue 3 , August 2020, , Pages 107-114

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.19

Abstract
    Background and aims: Although actual and perceived obesity are associated, some research has shown that this association may differ across racial and ethnic groups. Accordingly, this cross-sectional study tested racial differences regarding the association between actual and perceived obesity ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Social Epidemiology of Perceived Discrimination in the United States: Role of Race, Educational Attainment, and Income

Shervin Assari

Volume 7, Issue 3 , August 2020, , Pages 136-141

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.24

Abstract
    Background and aims: This study aimed to compare non-Hispanic Black (NHB) and non-Hispanic White (NHW) American adults for the associations of educational attainment and household income with perceived racial discrimination.Methods: The 2010 National Alcohol Survey (NAS N12), a nationally ...  Read More

Educational Attainment and Tobacco Harm Knowledge Among American Adults: Diminished Returns of African Americans and Hispanics

Shervin Assari; Mohsen Bazargan

Volume 7, Issue 1 , February 2020, , Pages 6-11

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.02

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and aims: Minorities’ Diminished Returns (MDRs) refer to the smaller effects ofeducational attainment for ethnic minorities compared to the majority group. As a result of MDRs,research has documented more than expected tobacco use among Hispanics and African Americans(AAs) with ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Investigation of the Predictors of Self-rated Health of Economically Disadvantaged African American Men and Women: Evidence for Sponge Hypothesis

Sharon Cobb; Shervin Assari

Volume 7, Issue 1 , February 2020, , Pages 25-34

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.05

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and aims: According to the sponge hypothesis, compared to men’s self-rated health (SRH),women’s SRH is more likely to reflect conditions other than chronic medical conditions (CMCs) suchas psychiatric disorders (PDs). As a result, poor SRH is a weaker predictive factor ...  Read More

Marital Status and Physical Health: Racial Differences

Shervin Assari

Volume 6, Issue 3 , August 2019, , Pages 108-113

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.20

Abstract
  Background and aims: As suggested by the Minorities’ Diminished Return Theory, the associationbetween socioeconomic status and health is weaker for racial and ethnic minorities compared toWhites. The current study compared Blacks and Whites in terms of the association between maritalstatus and ...  Read More

Social Epidemiology
Race, Education Attainment, and Happiness in the United States

Shervin Assari

Volume 6, Issue 2 , May 2019, , Pages 76-82

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2019.14

Abstract
  Background and aims: As suggests by the Minorities’ Diminished Returns (MDR) theory, educationattainment and other socioeconomic status (SES) indicators have a smaller impact on the health andwell-being of non-White than White Americans. To test whether MDR also applies to happiness, in thepresent ...  Read More

Black-White Differences in Social, Psychological, and Medical Correlates of Depression in the United States

Shervin Assari

Volume 5, Issue 2 , June 2018, , Pages 40-42

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.09

Abstract
  While Blacks have lower risk for MDD, they report higher levels of depressive symptoms. This is partially because Blacks do not have the same access and trust to the health care system. As a result, their MDD is commonly left as untreated. In line with the above note, the cross-sectional association ...  Read More

Interaction Between Race and Gender on Implicit Racial Bias Against Blacks

Shervin Assari

Volume 5, Issue 2 , June 2018, , Pages 43-49

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2018.10

Abstract
  Background and aims: Exposure and vulnerability to racial discrimination is not solely a function ofrace but the intersection of race and gender, with Black men experiencing more discrimination thanBlack women. This phenomenon is explained by the subordinate male target hypothesis, suggestingthat majority ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Synergistic Effects of Depression and Poor Impulse Control on Physical Partner Violence; A National Longitudinal Study in United States

Shervin Assari

Volume 4, Issue 4 , November 2017, , Pages 232-239

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2017.09

Abstract
  Background: Although major depressive disorder (MDD) also increases the risk of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) perpetration, poor mental health has been mostly conceptualized as a consequence of IPV victimization rather than a risk factor for IPV perpetration. Poor impulse control is another IPV risk ...  Read More

Epidemiology
Demographic and Socioeconomic Determinants of Physical and Mental Self-rated Health Across 10 Ethnic Groups in the United States

Shervin Assari; Maryam Moghani Lankarani

Volume 4, Issue 3 , August 2017, , Pages 185-193

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2017.02

Abstract
  Background and aims: The aim of this study was to explore ethnic differences in demographic and socioeconomic determinants of poor physical and mental self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Methods: We used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES) 2001- 2003, which included ...  Read More

Bidirectional associations between chronic medical conditions, disability, and depressive symptoms over 25 years: Black- White differences

Shervin Assari

Volume 3, Issue 4 , November 2016, , Pages 302-317

Abstract
  Background and aims: Blacks have a higher rate of chronic medical conditions (CMC), disability, and depressive symptoms compared to Whites. The present study compared Blacks and Whites for bidirectional associations between CMC, disability, and depressive symptoms over a 25-year period.Methods: Data ...  Read More