Health Promotion
1. Challenges of Education in Prevention of Road Traffic Crashes

Alireza Razzaghi; Mohammad Saadati; Maryam Najafi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 14 November 2020

Abstract
  AbstractEducation is a complex issue and there is a need to consider a several factors to provide an effective training program. In the road traffic crashes issue, there are some contradictory findings of education effectiveness which caused to mistrust among professional circles and experts. Some scientists ...  Read More

Epidemiology
2. Social Epidemiology of Perceived Discrimination in the United States: Role of Race, Educational Attainment, and Income

Shervin Assari

Volume 7, Issue 3 , Summer 2020, , Pages 136-141

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.24

Abstract
     Background and aims: This study aimed to compare non-Hispanic Black (NHB) and non-Hispanic White (NHW) American adults for the associations of educational attainment and household income with perceived racial discrimination. Methods: The 2010 National Alcohol Survey (NAS N12), a nationally ...  Read More

3. Educational Attainment and Tobacco Harm Knowledge Among American Adults: Diminished Returns of African Americans and Hispanics

Shervin Assari; Mohsen Bazargan

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, , Pages 6-11

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijer.2020.02

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and aims: Minorities’ Diminished Returns (MDRs) refer to the smaller effects ofeducational attainment for ethnic minorities compared to the majority group. As a result of MDRs,research has documented more than expected tobacco use among Hispanics and African Americans(AAs) with ...  Read More

4. The Effectiveness of a Behavioral Program on Severity of Urinary Incontinence Among Iranian Women With Multiple Sclerosis

Mohammad Sahebalzamani; Sayedeh Zahra Hosseinigolafshani; Farnoosh Rashvand

Volume 4, Issue 4 , Autumn 2017, , Pages 240-244

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijer.2017.10

Abstract
  Background and aims: Urinary incontinence is common among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, whichaffects their quality of life negatively. This study examined the effectiveness of a behavioral trainingprogram on severity of urinary incontinence among Iranian women with MS.Methods: This is a quasi experimental ...  Read More

Health Promotion
5. Childbirth choice and effect of education

Zahra Taheri

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Autumn 2014, , Pages 44-46

Abstract
  Annually, many women become pregnant worldwide; however, pregnancy and childbirth is not a pleasant event for all them. In fact, more than 90% of maternal anxiety could be related to the delivery process. It should be noted that delivery is also a stressful event that sometimes, due to different reasons ...  Read More